Dark spots on the face, age spots (also known as liver spots) on the hands and uneven skin tone around the face, chest and hands can be caused by prolonged sun exposure, hormonal factors or acne damage. Dark spots can add up to ten years to your appearance. Generally, dark spots are caused by the sun, hence why skin care specialists refer to dark spots as sun spots. In most cases, dark spots are caused by a root problem, such as Melasma. However, dark spots on the face can be easily removed with the right dark spot remover to fade and lighten the underlying hyperpigmentation. How can you distinguish the difference between age spots, liver spots and dark spots? How do you remove dark spots on the face? How can you get rid of dark spots for good? We have analyized a handful of dark spot correctors and removers and are pleased to bring you the results.
The most popular dark spot correctors are manufactured by Garnier, Proactiv, L’Oreal, Clinique and Olay. These products might be the very cost effective but not necessary the most effective products on the market. You’ll find the best dark spot correctors listed below. Dark spot correctors to get rid of dark spots are best in serum form as they are more concentrated, therefore, avoid cream based dark spot correctors. If you suffer from acne related dark spots, it is best to get a professional diagnosis before beginning treatment. This review is specifically for over the counter products but we have given consideration to prescription products as well, such as hydroquinone. An effective dark spot remover must have two functions, it not only needs to shed the upper lays of the skin but it also needs to inhibit melanin production. When you visit a dermatologist, they provide you with two products to target dark spots.
The first is Hydroquinone, this is a melanin blocker. The second is Retina a, this is a Vitamin a derivative that peels the upper layers of the skin. Using these two treatment products together will fade even the worst age spots over time. It’s important to be patients though as results can take time. You can accelerate those results with laser facial treatments or ipl, such as Fraxel or Elos. Otherwise, if you’re patient, you can use an over the counter product that will gradually lighten the dark spots. You might not notice that they are lightening but if you take a picture you will see the difference after a few months. It’s very important you wear a sunblock when using dark spot correctors.
The most popular dark spot correctors for the face are Garnier Dark Spot Corrector, Clinique Even Better Dark Spot Corrector, Proactiv Dark Spot Corrector, L’Oreal Paris Youth Code Dark Spot Serum , Olay Professional Pro-X Even Skin Tone Spot Fading Treatment, Neutrogena Vanishing Cream, Physicians Formula Dark Spot Corrector, Palmer’s Cocoa Butter Eventone Dark Spot Corrector, Philosophy Miracle Worker Dark Spot Corrector and Vichy ProEven Total Dark Spot Corrector. But are they the best dark spot corrects? Do they work on age spots and liver spots as well? We review the best dark spot correctors and rate our favourites in our below.
Should You Use a Dark Spot Corrector?
Dark spots on skin are a common problem faced by adults as they age. The unsightly blemishes tend to appear most frequently around the face and hands; and can become particularly troublesome to get rid of. Although chemical peels and professional skin care procedures have been effective methods for getting rid of sun spots, they can be costly and may cause swelling and irritation; leading many individuals to look for the best dark spot corrector as an effective alternative to cosmetic procedures. Unfortunately, such topical treatments also have a variety of drawbacks; such as potentially severe side effects, and the fact that topical treatments tend to work over time, instead of showing immediate results. However, if you take the time to do your research and read dark spot corrector reviews, you may find that a topical treatment may be a safer and more convenient alternative to more invasive cosmetic procedures.
Causes of Dark Spots
In most cases, the need for a dark spot corrector arises in people who experience frequent exposure to the sun, or those who have suffered severe sunburns. There is good reason for this. Contrary to the belief of previous generations, these skin discolorations have nothing to do with the liver, but are caused by our body’s natural reaction to UV radiation. As the sun’s rays hit our skin, our body uses special cells, melanocytes, located in the epidermis, to produce a protective chemical, melanin, to neutralize radiation, so that we can retain healthy skin. Unfortunately, the need for a dark spot corrector arises when too much melanin is produced in certain areas of the skin, leading the pigment to clump together, thus creating the appearance of sun spots on face, and requiring the use of a dark spot corrector.
How a Dark Spot Corrector Works
Topical dark spot corrector creams tend to fall into two categories: skin brighteners and exfoliants. Skin brighteners are a general term for ingredients that change your skin’s chemistry to produce less melanin pigment. Hydroquinone, for example, is a well-known skin brightener that works by inhibiting an enzyme called tyrosinase, which is crucial in the production of melanin pigment. By blocking the enzyme, a dark spot corrector using hydroquinone slows production of additional pigment, and troublesome areas with liver spots begin to fade.
However, remember that melanin is not just an accidental byproduct, but our body’s defense mechanism against radiation. Therefore, by using even the best dark spot corrector with hydroquinone, or another melanin-blocking ingredient (like azelaic acid, for example), you are weakening your natural defenses against UV radiation. This can lead to the development of skin cancer and early aging of the skin.
To avoid the risk associated with tyrosinase blockers in dark spot corrector creams, some individuals turn to exfoliating creams and masks to speed up cell regeneration. By cycling out the damaged skin cells, these dark spot corrector creams can help fade sun spots on face and hands, but they will take longer to show effects. Common exfoliating ingredients in dark spot correctors are alpha hydroxy acids, like salicylic and lactic acids; Bromelain, an exfoliating enzyme; and Retinol, which technically belongs to the hydroxy acid group, and is well known for stimulating cell turnover.
Dark Spot Corrector Side Effects
In your attempt to get rid of dark spots, it’s important to avoid unsightly, and sometimes permanent, side effects. As already mentioned, the use of dark spot corrector products with hydroquinone can lead to skin cancer and permanent skin discolorations, which is why the use of this ingredient is heavily regulated throughout the world. Facial exfoliators can also cause problems, and may cause swelling and irritation if the cream is used too often, or the concentration of the active acids is too strong in the dark spot corrector.