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                    [post_content] => Hydrogenated Polyisobutene in Skin Care Products

When reading skin care product ingredient labels it's easy to become confused by ingredients like hydrogenated polyisobutene. With all the focus on natural and organic skin care in recent decades, many consumers look for natural-sounding ingredients, such as goat's milk, honey, oatmeal, and the like. So when a chemical like hydrogenated polyisobutene shows up, it's difficult not to cringe from a name that sounds so synthetic and makes one think of a factory or heavy machinery. Therefore, it’s a good idea to research this chemical further before applying it to the skin, to avoid potential side effects. To help the consumer in their research, we're including a general overview of hydrogenated polyisobutene, below.

What is Hydrogenated Polyisobutene?

There are many ingredients in skin care that have similar properties and goals. When considering hydrogenated polyisobutene, it's helpful to look at it through the lens of mineral oil, as the former was synthesized to mimic the effects of the latter.

As such, hydrogenated polyisobutene is valued in skin care applications because of its relatively low cost and ability to temporarily improve skin texture.

How is Hydrogenated Polyisobutene Used?

Hydrogenated polyisobutene is a relatively common skin care ingredient that is used in a large variety of products, including lip balm, BB cream, exfoliants, moisturizers and much more. There are several qualities of this chemical that have made it popular with skin product manufacturers.

One of the beneficial qualities of hydrogenated polyisobutene is its ability to moisturize the skin, making it a popular ingredient in skin creams. However, its role in skin care is to reinforce the moisture barrier, rather than to deliver copious amounts of hydration. For example, hyaluronic acid is typically more effective for drawing moisture to the treatment site, and is highly valued in skin care applications. The strength of hydrogenated polyisobutene, on the other hand, comes from its ability to fortify the skin's natural barrier to reduce moisture loss.

It is also common for hydrogenated polyisobutene to be found in water-resistant sunscreens, as this ingredient allows the sun block to remain effective even after coming into contact with water.

Additionally, hydrogenated polyisobutene is valued for its ability to prevent the clumping of pigment in makeup and other skin care products. This is a very important quality for creating a positive user experience, as it keeps the product looking fresh.

Lastly, hydrogenated polyisobutene is also used to increase the thickness of skin products, to create a more luxurious feel. This can be especially helpful in night time moisturizers, or creams that contain a variety of oils and it's important for the formulation to stay thoroughly mixed.

Products with Hydrogenated Polyisobutene

There are many products that use hydrogenated polyisobutene as part of the formulation. For example, the Nuance Salma Hayek Tinted Moisturizer contains this chemical in addition to tocopherol, an antioxidant for skin damage repair; sodium hyaluronate and glycerin, to moisturize; lecithin, to hydrate the skin; and titanium dioxide, to provide SPF protection.

Another product with hydrogenated polyisobutene is Vichy Laboratories Aqualia Thermal Dynamic Hydration Rich Cream. This product was designed to bring ample hydration to the skin, to improve general health of skin cells and reduce the appearance of wrinkles. In addition to hydrogenated polyisobutene, this Vichy Laboratories cream contains glycerin, to moisturize the skin; citric acid, to repair skin damage and stimulate collagen; pentylene glycol, to condition the skin; caprylic triglyceride, another moisturizer; and carrageenan, a seaweed extract that draws moisture to the treatment area.

Vichy Laboratories Lift Active Eye is another product formulated with hydrogenated polyisobutene. Additionally, this serum contains ascorbyl glucoside, an antioxidant that repairs skin damage; rhamnose, a chemical that may improve communication between skin cells; and beeswax, to soften and moisturize the skin.

Those looking to diminish the appearance of skin creases on the face may come across Pur Minerals Cease Crease. This product is also formulated with hydrogenated polyisobutene, and contains other ingredients, like salicylic acid, to support pore health; titanium dioxide, to neutralize UV radiation; citric acid, for its high vitamin C content; and ferulic acid, a powerful antioxidant.

Of course, these are just some of the products that contain hydrogenated polyisobutene, and the ingredient discussion above is not comprehensive. For a full understanding of any new skin care product, it's vital to review the entire ingredient list with a dermatologist, before using in your skin care routine.

Hydrogenated Polyisobutene Side Effects

Hydrogenated polyisobutene is believed to be a relatively safe ingredient, and is not currently linked to serious diseases, like cancer. However, this chemical does have potential side effects, including skin irritation and inflammation. It is vital to carefully consider the possibility of this chemical as an irritant, as irritation can often occur without even being noticed – for example, it won't have visible signs like a rash.

But just because irritation is not visible, that doesn't mean it isn't there. In fact, the average person may have mild inflammation of the skin and surrounding tissues, and not realize it. Such developments can cause long term problems, as inflammation has been linked to the aging process and the development of cancer. Therefore, it's a good idea to discuss hydrogenated polyisobutene in detail with a doctor, before using products that contain this ingredient.
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                    [post_content] => In today's world of mass production and consumption of skin care products, ingredients like isobutylparaben seem to straddle a line between helping us and hurting us at the same time. This ingredient, along with other parabens, is often included in skin products like after shave, skin creams, concealer, lip balm, undereye creams, and much more. But though it has been so widely adopted in the personal care industry, some evidence seems to suggest that parabens like isobutylparaben can be dangerous to our health. In fact, some studies point to parabens being present in breast cancer tissues, leading some skin experts to suggest eliminating all such chemicals from daily use. Therefore, isobutylparaben warrants a closer look and further studies about its potential dangers and benefits.

How Isobutylparaben Works

Skin care manufacturers add isobutylparaben (and other parabens) to their products in order to prolong the shelf life of the creams and lotions. Parabens are not believed to have any beneficial effects on the skin, but are included in formulas because they inhibit the growth of mold and bacteria.

In many ways, the inclusion of such preservatives is indispensable in our day and age. We often take for granted how cheaply some skin care products can be purchased, and the fact that we don't have to waste money throwing away too many expired products in the trash. In many ways, this is achieved through the selective use of parabens and other preservatives.

Further, by limiting the growth of bacteria and fungi, preservatives like isobutylparaben help keep us safe from infection and other diseases. It's true that skin already acts as a barrier, but if contaminated creams are applied to the skin, an inflammatory response can be elicited, and lead to skin damage in the long term. In addition, bacteria can easily invade our bodies if contaminated product is applied to broken skin, or if small amounts of contaminated lipstick or lip balm are accidentally ingested through the mouth.

Therefore, it is easy to see how ingredients like isobutylparaben can be very helpful to protecting our health and well being.

Isobutylparaben Side Effects

There have been a number of studies conducted on preservatives and their effect on the human body. Typically, isobutylparaben is grouped together with other parabens, due their similar chemical structure.

The main issue with isobutylparaben seems to be its ability to mimic estrogen. This can be a big problem if parabens enter the body in large amounts (or accumulate) because it can throw off the endocrine system, which is responsible for secretion of hormones that regulate many processes in our bodies. In fact, other studies unrelated to parabens have shown that overall high levels of estrogen can lead to the development of cancer in men and women alike.

When it comes to isobutylparaben, the evidence of its link to breast cancer is not fully conclusive. Some limited studies have suggested that excised breast cancer tissue has shown a presence of parabens, thus establishing a correlation. However, the scientific community and regulatory agencies have declined to state with full certainty that parabens cause cancer. Though it is important to note that isobutylparaben and other parabens are banned from skin care products in the EU.

Lastly, some skin care experts and regulatory agencies suggest that it's not the presence of isobutylparaben that will cause cancer, but the amount of this chemical that is present in a typical cream, and how often it is used. And because most products have relatively low concentrations of this chemical, they are therefore believed to be quite safe. However, data does not yet address if genetic predisposition or other health aspects make an individual more susceptible to the negative effects of this chemical.

Alternatives to Isobutylparaben

Overall, the use of parabens like isobutylparaben is a sort of balancing act; on the one hand it may be needed to keep consumers safe, but on the other it can potentially cause life-threatening illness. Further, it doesn't help that U.S. regulatory agencies take a notoriously "hands off" approach when it comes to banning ingredients. Whereas the European Union is more likely to ban a chemical at the slightest hint of trouble, U.S. authorities tend to require more definitive proof of health danger.

That doesn't necessarily mean that one approach is better than the other, but rather suggests that the U.S. consumer must be more active in deciding whether they want to use products that contain chemicals like isobutylparaben, and take more control over their skin routines.

For consumers who are considering alternative preservatives, vitamin E is a very common substitute to isobutylparaben. This ingredient is good for the skin because of its antioxidant properties and the ability to repair skin damage. In addition, it slows the onset of rancidity. However, keep in mind that unlike isobutylparaben, vitamin E is not believed to prevent the growth of bacteria or fungi.

Additionally, consumers who choose to opt for natural products without isobutylparaben (or other preservatives), may consider keeping the products in the refrigerator, to extend shelf life.
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                    [post_content] => The Role of Liquid Paraffin in Skin Care

Finding liquid paraffin listed as one of the ingredients in a cream or lotion can be confusing for some consumers. After all, paraffin is a term that's commonly associated with candles, which don't really have anything to do with skin care. But a deeper look at liquid paraffin will reveal that this common personal care ingredient is used in many skin products, including creams, lotions, lip balm, soap, and even eczema ointments. But what does liquid paraffin do, and more importantly, is it safe to use on the skin? To better understand this ingredient, let's take a deeper look at its role in skin care and the possible side effects it can induce.

What is Liquid Paraffin?

Liquid paraffin is a petroleum derivative that is also commonly referred to as "mineral oil." There are many types of chemicals that are classified under the mineral oil label, and are used in a variety of applications, including manufacturing.

However, liquid paraffin is a term reserved for highly-refined mineral oil that is suitable for skin care product applications and even for oral ingestion. This is an important distinction, because some skin care experts who express concern about liquid paraffin may be inadvertently referring to non-medical-grade mineral oil, which has not been properly purified for use in skin products.

How is Liquid Paraffin Used?

There are many uses for liquid paraffin, and this chemical is included in many skin care product formulations, and even in products taken orally. For example, this ingredient is sometimes formulated into certain laxative products.

When it comes to skin care, liquid paraffin is often included in cream formulations because it is believed to help the skin retain moisture. Moisture retention is an important factor in skin care, which is often overlooked. The skin has a natural barrier that prevents moisture loss and helps keep the skin supple. Some individuals, however, experience a weakening of this barrier due to genetic factors, aging of the skin, and damage from UV radiation and harsh weather.

Therefore, liquid paraffin is sometimes formulated into skin care products to create a protective layer on the skin that helps retain hydration. Commonly, it creates a somewhat greasy, but smooth feeling on the skin, giving the consumer a sensation of moisture.

Because of these presumed moisturizing properties, this ingredient oil is also a common addition to eczema creams. Eczema is believed to flare up due to lack of moisture, and by fortifying the natural moisture barrier, liquid paraffin may be able to reduce symptoms of this skin condition.

But the big question is; does a cream that creates a feeling of moisture because of liquid paraffin actually moisturize the skin? And also; if this ingredient is so good for the skin, why do some eczema sufferers seem to experience an exacerbation of symptoms when using creams with this chemical?

Possible Dangers of Liquid Paraffin

One of the criticisms of liquid paraffin is that it doesn't actually moisturize the skin. It's certainly important to reinforce the skin's natural moisture barrier, but many skin care experts suggest that the feeling of moisture isn't real. After someone uses a cream with liquid paraffin, the soft, silky sensation on the skin is that of mineral oil on the surface, and not of the actual skin texture. The skin is simply covered with something that feels soft! Therefore, some argue that the moisturizing effects of liquid paraffin are simply a sensory illusion!

For example, another way to achieve a sensation of soft skin is to grab a little bit of baking soda, mix it with water to create a paste, and then rub the hands together with the rough particles scrubbing against the skin. After the paste is washed off, the hands will feel incredibly soft to the touch. After a few hours, however, this sensation fades. The reason behind this is the temporary sensation created at the tips of the fingers by the rubbing of rough particles – everything else starts to feel comparatively soft! But just because the skin feels softer, that doesn't mean it actually IS softer. The same argument can be made for liquid paraffin.

The bigger danger, however, is that liquid paraffin may cause breakouts in some individuals. For example, some skin experts suggest that this ingredient can clog pores and promote the development of comedonal acne. Although the research on this topic is still inconclusive, individuals with a history of severe acne may want to avoid products with liquid paraffin, as a safety precaution.

Products with Liquid Paraffin

There are many products on the market that contain liquid paraffin, including diaper cream, foot moisturizer, and cosmetics, among others. Because of the widespread use of this chemical, those concerned with possible side effects should carefully inspect product labels of all skin care products before purchase, and to look for the alternate name "mineral oil" as well. To avoid serious side effects from liquid paraffin, it's a good idea to discuss this ingredient in detail with a dermatologist.
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                    [post_content] => If you've purchased a product that has methylparaben in the ingredient list, you may have some concerns over whether it's safe to use. After all, you've probably heard about the dangers of parabens and even claims about the link between parabens and cancer. What doesn't help, however, is the large amount of conflicting information about methylparaben. For example, some skin care experts and skin bloggers seem to take a definitive stance against this chemical, or any other paraben. At the same time, studies by the Cosmetic Ingredient Review and other organizations suggest that the dangers of methylparaben are somewhat inconclusive – with the general consensus being that parabens are overall safe when used below certain concentrations. To better understand this ingredient, let's consider how it works and what some of the potential dangers are.

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What is Methylparaben?

Methylparaben belongs to the paraben family of ingredients, which all act as preservatives in skin care products. Typically, this chemical will be formulated into creams and serums with other parabens, like butylparaben and propylparaben, though in some cases it may be used on a standalone basis.

The goal of methylparabens and similar chemicals is to prevent the growth of bacteria and fungus. By limiting the growth of microorganisms, this ingredient helps preserve the integrity of skin care formulations for a longer period of time, and also protects the consumer from inadvertently adding contaminated products to their skin.

What Products is Methylparaben Used In?

Methylparaben is used in many skin care and personal care products, like moisturizers, shampoo, conditioner, eye shadow, sunscreen, and many other items.

One product that includes this ingredient is the Hada Labo Gokujyun Lotion. In addition to methylparaben, this cream also contains chemicals like sodium hyaluronate, to moisturize the skin; butylene glycol, to condition the skin and at the same time act as a preservative; and succinic acid, to moisturize.

Another item formulated with methylparaben is the CeraVe Moisturizing Lotion. Additionally, this lotion contains chemicals like glycerin, a common moisturizer; ceramides, to fortify the skin's moisture barrier; capric triglyceride, to moisturize the skin; and niacinamide, to improve skin elasticity and reduce hyperpigmentation.

When it comes to anti aging skin care, methylparaben is present in serums like the Boots No7 Pore Refining Serum. In addition to this preservative, the serum also has ingredients like squalane, to add moisture to the skin; black willow bark extract, due to its content of pore-cleansing salicylic acid; and tetrasodium EDTA, to further help preserve the serum formula.

Side Effects of Methylparaben

One of the concerns with methylparaben is its potential link to cancer. For example, some studies have found a correlation between breast tumors and the presence of parabens. However, these chemicals have not been banned, because the link does not seem to be conclusive. Correlation does not necessarily equal causality, and studies have not definitively established parabens as the cause of such tumors.

The more direct effects of methylparaben (and other parabens) on the human body seem to concern the endocrine system. This system is important for human health, because it regulates our hormones. It's an important consideration, because hormones play a huge role in how our bodies function.

For example, high levels of estrogen are believed to be linked to higher occurrences of cancer. High levels of stress hormones (like cortisol) can lead to chronic fatigue and weight gain. It's really amazing how much the function of our bodies can change from even small shifts in hormone secretions.

The potential danger of methylparaben is that it can affect the endocrine system, and the hormones that are being produced. This can in turn affect metabolism and other bodily functions.

Further, methylparaben is thought to mimic estrogen to a degree, which can further disrupt normal bodily function.

Methylparaben and the Environment

Another concern expressed by opponents of using methylparaben in skin care is that this chemical may potentially contaminate the environment. For example, discarded cream tubes and jars will still have small amounts of product in them, and particles of this chemical may also make it into oceans and rivers as it is washed off the skin while taking a shower. However, at the moment it is not believed that methylparaben is a serious threat to the environment, as this chemical can be broken down by bacteria commonly found in soil.

The Bottom Line on Methylparaben

Unfortunately, the data still seems to be inconclusive on whether methylparaben is actually safe. There are certainly some concerns about the effects it can have on the body, especially with long term exposure. The potential for endocrine system disruption and the links to growth of cancer are certainly alarming. At the same time, this ingredient can be difficult to escape without being vigilant, because the general consensus in the skin care industry is that parabens are safe when used in low concentrations.

Therefore, the decision on whether to use products with methylparaben is a very personal one, and should be discussed at length with a doctor who knows your medical history and your personal risk of developing cancer or other serious diseases.
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                    [post_content] => When reading skin care product ingredient lists, you may come across a chemical called butylene glycol, and wonder about what it does and how it works. After all, this ingredient doesn't sound very natural, and some skin care blogs even go so far as to accuse this chemical of being a carcinogen, and worse. However, one of the biggest issues many bloggers seem to have with butylene glycol is that it's derived from petroleum. Hearing the word "petroleum" they seem to immediately associate this ingredient with gasoline and crude oil, and maybe even have nightmares about Daniel Day Lewis' character in There Will be Blood drinking their milkshake. But is butylene glycol really such a bad ingredient? After all, there are many other helpful skin care ingredients that aren't derived naturally. To better understand butylene glycol, let's take a look at how this chemical is used in skin care.

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How is Butylene Glycol Used?

There are several reasons why skin care companies may include butylene glycol in skin care formulations.

Firstly, butylene glycol is added to skin care products to increase penetration by other ingredients in the formulation. The problem with many skin creams and serums is that the active ingredients have a molecular weight that's a bit too large for effective skin penetration.

Hence, it is common for only a small portion of the beneficial ingredients to penetrate the skin, with the remainder sitting on the skin surface and doing little good for skin health. By increasing skin penetration, butylene glycol can boost the overall effectiveness of the product.

Secondly, butylene glycol is sometimes included in formulations to give creams a thinner consistency. Although a thick cream can feel luxurious, the thickness can also create a greasy, uncomfortable sensation in some individuals.

By thinning the cream formula, butylene glycol can make the product more enjoyable to use and reduce the amount of time needed for a thick coat of cream to dissipate. After all, it may be great to use a thick cream before bed time, but if you're in a rush, a thin cream is a more convenient option.

Thirdly, butylene glycol can also act as a solvent, and makes it easier for other ingredients in the formula to mix. This quality helps create a more homogenous cream texture.

Lastly, this chemical also has humectant properties. By drawing moisture to the skin from the surrounding atmosphere, butylene glycol can add needed hydration to skin cells and can even play a role in easing the appearance of wrinkles.

Products that Contain Butylene Glycol

Butylene glycol is used in literally thousands of skin care and personal care products. One of the reasons for such wide adoption is that this chemical is relatively cheap, and because it has such a wide variety of effects on the skin. For example, it's commonly formulated into moisturizers, acne creams, BB creams, face masks, eyeliner, sunscreen, shaving cream, and even hair spray.

One product that relies on butylene glycol is Dermalogica UltraCalming Serum Concentrate. In addition to this chemical, this Dermalogica serum also has ingredients like acetyl tetrapeptide-5, to reduce inflammation; pentylene glycol, to condition the skin; and capric triglyceride, to moisturize.

Another formulation that has butylene glycol is Dr. Brandt Pores No More. Additionally, this Dr. Brandt product also has oleanolic acid, which is an antioxidant; tea tree oil, to promote skin healing; and glycerin, to moisturize the skin.

Side Effects of Butylene Glycol

Although butylene glycol has many benefits for the skin, one of the likeliest side effects from this chemical is the potential for skin irritation. Several studies suggest that this ingredient can cause a rash around the eyes and other forms of irritation in individuals with sensitive skin. Further, it may even cause irritation of the respiratory passages if it is accidentally inhaled from products like hair spray or skin mist sprayers.

However, such butylene glycol side effects are not believed to be a serious concern to most individuals, according to skin care experts. None-the-less, it's a good idea to speak with a dermatologist before using products with this ingredient, especially if you have sensitive skin.

Additionally, it's important to note that even natural skin care ingredients can cause skin irritation and inflammation. For example, botanical extracts and exotic chemicals (like bee venom) can also cause redness and irritation in some consumers.

Butylene Glycol Alternatives

Although butylene glycol can be a helpful skin care ingredient, it's understandable that some individuals can be apprehensive about this chemical and may decide to seek alternatives.

One such alternative that can be very beneficial to most consumers is hyaluronic acid. This chemical typically has very low instances of side effects, because it is naturally found in the human body and the immune system usually doesn't interpret it as a pathogen. Hyaluronic acid has very strong moisture-attracting properties and can often deliver stronger moisturizing results than butylene glycol.
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                    [post_content] => You've probably used products with isopropyl myristate many times without even knowing about it. Most consumers rarely check their product ingredients lists, which is a real shame, because there are so many harmful ingredients that can end up in skin cream and personal care product formulations. Fortunately, isopropyl myristate isn't one such harmful ingredient, and is actually believed to be relatively safe. Therefore, it's been widely adopted by the skin care industry and is commonly used in formulations for deodorants, body lotions, conditioners, sunscreens and even foot moisturizers. But though isopropyl myristate is believed to be relatively safe, it can sometimes increase potential side effects from other skin care ingredients.

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How is Isopropyl Myristate Used?

There are many reasons why skin care companies often include isopropyl myristate in their products. Perhaps one of the more common reasons is this chemical's ability to moisturize the skin. As an emollient, isopropyl myristate helps strengthen the skin's natural moisture barrier, which helps it stay hydrated by reducing moisture loss.

Another benefit of isopropyl myristate is its ability to thicken formulations, and give creams and deodorants a denser texture. Though this property may not directly improve the condition of the user's skin, a thicker cream can feel more luxurious and thus improve the consumer's enjoyment. Further, this allows some products, like deodorants, to be applied to the skin more smoothly.

Further, isopropyl myristate is valued for its ability to improve the overall texture of products with high oil content. Products with lots of oil can be amazingly beneficial for the skin, but the greasy feel can be a turn-off for many consumers. Additionally, greasiness caused by excess oil can make it impractical to use such creams in a professional setting. Including isopropyl myristate can be a useful addition to such products, as it will change the texture to be more silky, rather than greasy.

Lastly, isopropyl myristate is also believed to have strong skin penetrating properties. This is a valuable attribute, as isopropyl myristate can help other skin healing chemicals to penetrate more deeply; thus making personal care products more effective.

Products that Contain Isopropyl Myristate

The many chemical properties of isopropyl myristate have made it a common addition to many personal care products. This ingredient is used in a wide range of items like lip gloss, shampoo, sunscreen, after shave, deodorant, and even diaper cream.

For example, one skin product that uses this ingredient is the Peter Thomas Roth Neuroliquid Volufill Youth Serum. In addition to isopropyl myristate, this anti aging serum also contains chemicals like propylene glycol, to condition the skin; glycerin, a moisturizer; soluble collagen, to rebuild the skin's protein fiber support network; and arginine, for its skin regenerative abilities.

Another product that relies on isopropyl myristate is the Eve Lom day cream. Other ingredients in this moisturizer include methylparaben, a preservative; PEG 100 stearate, to keep the cream well mixed; mineral oil, to moisturize the skin; and capric triglyceride, for added hydration.

RoC Retinol Correxion Eye Cream is another skin cream that uses isopropyl myristate. The active ingredient in this cream is retinol, which is often included in formulations due to its ability to improve the skin shedding process, and also to reduce appearance of acne. However, the retinol in this cream can cause skin irritation and exacerbate acne with initial use.

Side Effects of Isopropyl Myristate

Skin irritation may be one potential concern with isopropyl myristate, especially when used by individuals with sensitive skin, or in areas where the skin is thin (like around the eyes or the lips).

Often, such irritation may be the result of isopropyl myristate's ability to increase skin penetration by other chemicals. If these other ingredients happen to be known irritants, the deeper penetration may also cause more severe irritation.

This ability to increase skin penetration can become an even bigger problem if the product formula contains known carcinogens or other harmful chemicals. Therefore, when considering personal care items with isopropyl myristate, it's vital to carefully assess other chemicals in the formula and whether the increased penetration can cause unexpected side effects.

Lastly, some studies suggest that isopropyl myristate may lead to pore clogging. This is a serious issue for anyone who is prone to breakouts or is actively trying to get rid of acne. The increased pore clogging can prevent sebum from exiting the skin and lead to breakouts. However, this particular side effect of isopropyl myristate is still being studied and the data is not fully conclusive.

Isopropyl Myristate Alternatives

Although isopropyl myristate is widely used in the skin care industry, it is by no means unique, and can be replaced with a variety of other ingredients. For example, beeswax, olive oil, and lanolin are also commonly used in personal care products for their emollient properties.

When it comes to improved skin penetration, tetrasodium EDTA may be a possible alternative to isopropyl myristate.
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                    [post_content] => When it comes to evaluating skin care chemicals to find the best ingredients for skin care, PEG 100 Stearate can be one of those cases where it's difficult to make a clear cut assessment. On the one hand, this ingredient has many positive properties, such as the ability to moisturize and cleanse the skin. However, some studies point to a potential link between PEG 100 Stearate and development of toxicity within the body. Some skin care experts even suggest that this ingredient has been linked to problems with reproductive health and even cancer. Because of this disparity in available information, it can be difficult to make a definitive decision as to whether PEG 100 Stearate is a good choice in your skin care routine. That is why it's a good idea to discuss PEG 100 Stearate with a doctor or dermatologist, who can advise you whether your medical history may place you at special risk with this ingredient. In the meantime, we've compiled a basic overview of this chemical, to help you in your initial stages of research.

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How is PEG 100 Stearate Used?

PEG 100 Stearate is included in skin care and beauty products for a variety of reasons, ranging from making the skin softer, to helping product formulations better keep their original consistency.

As an emollient, PEG 100 Stearate is included within skin care product formulations to give the skin a softer feel. It achieves this through strengthening the skin's moisture barrier by forming a thin fatty layer on the skin's surface, which prevents moisture loss and increases overall hydration. This moisturizing effect increases hydration of skin cells, which in turn makes the skin softer and boosts skin health.

Another use for PEG 100 Stearate has to do with its emulsification properties. Emulsifiers are valued in the skin care and personal care industries because of their ability to mix water and oils. Without this ability, the oils in many formulations would begin to separate from the water molecules, thus undermining product texture and consistency. Including ingredients like PEG 100 Stearate in creams and face washes can effectively address these concerns.

Lastly, PEG 100 Stearate can also act as a surfactant, when used in facial cleansers. Because of its ability to mix water and oil, the ingredient helps the skin surface oil (and dirt trapped inside the oil) better mix with the water, so that it is easier to wash away. Hence, it can be added to face washes and even shampoos.

Products that Contain PEG 100 Stearate

The are many products in the skin and personal care industry that are formulated with PEG 100 Stearate, because of its many chemical properties and relative safety. Facial cleansers, shampoos, lotions and face creams have all been known to contain this ingredient.

Therefore, if you've had problems with this chemical before, or if your doctor has advised you to stay away from PEG 100 Stearate, it's vital to read ingredient labels for any personal care product as this chemical has so many applications.

Side Effects of PEG 100 Stearate

When applied topically, PEG 100 Stearate is not believed to pose significant dangers to human health. It will not deeply penetrate the skin and isn't thought to have bioaccumulation concerns when used topically, like other ingredients, which penetrate the skin deeply and eventually build up in the body until they reach toxic levels.

However, some studies have expressed concerns about PEG 100 Stearate being applied to broken, or damaged skin. Without the natural barrier created by skin cells, wounds can provide a direct channel for this ingredient to become carried into the body. Eventually, this can lead to toxicity in the organs.

Therefore, anyone suffering from broken skin should exercise caution when using products with this chemical, and speak to their dermatologist about PEG 100 Stearate side effects. This also applies to individuals who have cracked skin due to dryness, as the small wounds provide a direct entry point for this chemical.

Additionally, some anecdotal evidence may suggest that skin irritation is another possible side effect of PEG 100 Stearate. However, this has not been confirmed conclusively, and most skin care experts agree that this ingredient shouldn't cause visible irritation when applied to healthy skin.

PEG 100 Stearate Alternatives

There are many other ingredients that can be used as alternatives to PEG 100 Stearate, and it's best to consider the various effects of this ingredient when discussing other chemicals.

For example, when looking at PEG 100 Stearate as an emollient, there are other ingredients, like shea and cocoa butter that can also do the job very well. Glycerin is another well-known emollient that can increase skin hydration and softness.

When it comes to emulsification properties of PEG 100 Stearate, alternative chemicals that are sometimes used include ceteareth 20, glycol stearate, or laureth 3.

Sodium lauryl sulfate and cocoamidopropyl betaine are some of the other chemicals that can be used to mimic the surfactant properties of PEG 100 Stearate.
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                    [post_content] => Consumers looking for ways to treat dry, flaky skin may come across a synthetic ingredient called pentylene glycol. This chemical is often formulated into skin creams and moisturizers, because of its ability to help the skin retain moisture. In addition to its humectant properties, pentylene glycol is also said to have anti microbial effects, which can help keep skin care formulations intact longer. However, some studies suggest that pentylene glycol may be harmful to the skin and to the body. For example, select data suggests that this chemical may cause toxicity in high amounts, while other studies point to potential skin irritation. Because of the potential issues associated with this ingredient, consumers with sensitive skin or a history of rashes may benefit from pentylene glycol products with their dermatologist, before use.

How is Pentylene Glycol Used?

Pentylene glycol is commonly used as a skin conditioning agent, due to its ability to help the skin attract and retain moisture. As such, it falls into a category of skin care ingredients called humectants. Other ingredients in this group also include honey, aloe vera, and butylene glycol, among others.

Additionally, pentylene glycol also has some anti microbial properties, which can make it a valuable addition to products that are susceptible to contamination of microorganisms.

However, it's important to note that it is not common for pentylene glycol to be the main ingredient in skin care formulations. Instead, this chemical is often added to as an additional moisturizer to a cream, or other skin care product, to further condition the skin and improve texture.

Products that Contain Pentylene Glycol

Many products contain pentylene glycol, as this ingredient has gained wide acceptance in the skin care industry and is thought to have relatively few side effects. For example, this chemical is often included in items like undereye cream, face masks, nail polish, sunscreen, BB creams, and much more.

One such product containing this ingredient is Cetaphil Restoraderm Body Lotion. This cream is designed to moisturize the thicker skin on the body, and can be especially useful during winter months or for those who have overly dry skin. In addition to pentylene glycol, this Cetaphil lotion contains other moisturizing ingredients like glycerin, capric triglyceride, and sodium hyaluronate.

Another skin care product with pentylene glycol is a drugstore cream called CVS Extra Healing Moisturizing Lotion for Extra Dry Skin. This cream is also designed to address the symptoms of severely dry skin. The pentylene glycol is only one of many moisturizing chemicals in this formulation, which also includes dicaprylyl ether, glyceryl dilaurate, and glycerin.

Those consumers who are struggling with acne may come across pentylene glycol in products like the Clarisonic Daily Clarifying Cleanser. The goal of this cleanser is to effectively remove dirt and oil buildup from the surface of the skin, without over drying. In addition to pentylene glycol, this cleanser formulation includes ingredients like lactic acid, to gently exfoliate the skin; salicylic acid, to cleanse pores; and tocopheryl acetate, a vitamin E derivative that repairs skin damage and acts as a natural preservative in skin care products.

Side Effects of Pentylene Glycol

No serious side effects are believed to be associated with pentylene glycol, and it is widely included in many skin care and personal care products. However, some studies point to potential toxicity dangers when large amounts of this chemical enter the body. Although it's important to note that the typical amounts of pentylene glycol in a face or body cream will typically not reach such high levels of concentration.

However, consumers who use lipstick or lip balm with pentylene glycol may want to exercise a degree of caution, as the product can be inadvertently consumed while on the lips.

In addition, some studies suggest that pentylene glycol can cause skin irritation in consumers with sensitive skin. Therefore, it's a good idea to conduct a patch test on an inconspicuous part of skin before using products with this ingredient all over the body.

Pentylene Glycol Alternatives

Consumers who are concerned about possible side effects from pentylene glycol can find many alternatives to this ingredient. In fact, many natural ingredients can have similar properties to pentylene glycol, but are used less often by manufacturers because they are more expensive.

For example, natural honey has many of the similar properties. It is an excellent moisturizer and helps the body retain moisture by fortifying the skin's natural barrier. Additionally, honey is prized for its antimicrobial abilities (the high sugar content in honey prevents bacteria from growing – and hence you almost never need to refrigerate honey even after opening it).

When considering preservative properties, vitamin E can also be a viable alternative that keeps the product formulation fresh. In addition, vitamin E has strong antioxidant properties that repair skin damage; something that pentylene glycol does not do.
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                    [post_content] => Included in many hair and skin care products as a preservative, Tetrasodium EDTA has become a common ingredient in the personal care industry. However, though this ingredient is well known for its ability to prevent the growth of mold and deterioration of other ingredients, some skin experts have voiced concerns about this chemical. For example, some claim that Tetrasodium EDTA may potentially cause cancer, and even reproductive problems in high doses. This can certainly cause alarm among many consumers, as chemicals like this are sometimes difficult to spot in an ingredient list, especially if one simply skims the chemical names. With Tetrasodium EDTA being included in many skin creams, body lotions and shower products, it is important to consider this ingredient carefully before making a potentially dangerous product purchase.

How Tetrasodium EDTA Works
The main goal behind using Tetrasodium EDTA in a skin care formulation is to prevent the growth of mold and development of rancidity. This ingredient is created from component chemicals; formaldehyde, sodium cyanide, and ethylenediamine.

Tetrasodium EDTA works by neutralizing meta ions, which can often cause skin products to go bad. However, these same properties are believed to cause healthcare problems with long term use and high dosage exposure, because although it can be effective for keeping skin care formulas safe, neutralizing the naturally-occurring ions in the body can disrupt normal body function.

Besides its uses as a preservative, Tetrasodium EDTA is also valued in skin care applications because of its ability to weaken the natural skin barrier and allow deeper penetration by other ingredients. This quality can be especially useful in boosting the effectiveness of certain products, by allowing the active ingredients to penetrate deeply, thus producing a more meaningful effect.

However, it's important to note that Tetrasodium EDTA's ability to weaken the skin barrier is a double-edged sword. For example, depending on the specific formulation where it is used, this chemical may allow other potentially dangerous ingredients and preservatives to enter the body. With long term use, this can contribute to health concerns like skin cancer.

How is Tetrasodium EDTA Used
In addition to being formulated into skin care products, versions of Tetrasodium EDTA are also used in textile manufacturing and even some foods. It can be somewhat confusing to realize that a potential carcinogen is included in foods and other consumables. However, for many skin care product manufacturers the use of this chemical seems to be a tradeoff equation, where the benefits outweigh the risks.

For example, although using Tetrasodium EDTA may cause skin irritation and a variety of other health problems (especially with long term use), it can outweigh the danger of using a moldy or rancid product. This is important since many individuals may not be able to easily identify mold or bacterial growth in their creams, especially during early stages.

Unfortunately, such a development could lead to infection and a slew of other health complications if mold or bacteria make it inside the body. In some cases, this can lead to severe illness that can result in headaches, vomiting, and even death.

Therefore, when considering the potential dangers of using Tetrasodium EDTA in skin care formulas, versus the potential dangers of acquiring an illness from bacteria or mold, the former may simply be a safer bet.

Products that Contain Tetrasodium EDTA
Tetrasodium EDTA is formulated into many products, including face creams, shower gels, hair care products, and many other personal care items where the formulas can potentially become degraded through growth of mold. This chemical is even included in food items, though it's more difficult to identify in such cases.

Side Effects of Tetrasodium EDTA

Tetrasodium EDTA side effects include a number of potential problems. In some individuals, this chemical has been known to cause skin irritation. Other studies suggest that Tetrasodium EDTA may contribute to the development of cancer.

Unfortunately, many companies that claim to make natural skin care products will still use this chemical. This is an interesting development that initially may seem like nonsense. Why would a skin care manufacturer use a synthetic chemical like Tetrasodium EDTA in their formulation, if they believe in using natural ingredients?

The answer may come from the skin care industry simply becoming used to certain ingredients. For example, many brands still formulate their products with excessive amounts of alcohol, fragrance and coloring.

This may seem counter-intuitive, because alcohol can dry out the skin, and the latter two ingredients are known for causing irritation. However, the industry has simply become accustomed to it, since pretty much everyone seems to do it. Thus, Tetrasodium EDTA seems to be used in much the same way, where most companies simply use it because it's the norm.

Tetrasodium EDTA Alternatives

Although Tetrasodium EDTA is a widely used preservative, some companies have started to rely more heavily on vitamin E, which is a natural preservative.
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                    [post_content] => Have you heard of azelaic acid? If you're like most consumers who are looking for the best skin care products, chances are you don't know much about this ingredient. Derived from wheat and barley, azelaic acid has been used in a variety of skin care applications, including treatment of acne, brightening of hyperpigmentation, and promoting skin healing, among others. However, azelaic acid cream and other products with this chemical have the potential to cause a variety of side effects; from mild itching to a life threatening allergic reaction. This makes it imperative to speak with your doctor before using this ingredient, read azelaic acid cream reviews, and conduct a skin patch to ensure you are not allergic.

Azelaic Acid for Acne

One of the common uses for azelaic acid is in prescription acne products. It is believed that this ingredient has some effect on the skin shedding process and can reduce the number of dead cells that become stuck inside pores. In addition, this acid is thought to be effective for acne because of antibacterial properties.

Further, azelaic acid is thought to reduce inflammation, which can be very helpful for individuals with severe acne.

However, other acne fighting ingredients can be used as alternatives to azelaic acid. For example:
  • Salicylic acid is effective for breaking down sebum and dirt in pores.
  • Benzoyl peroxide removes excess oil and destroys bacteria through oxygenation.
  • Sulfur can effectively reduce pimple size by drawing away excess oil.
  • Glycolic acid is a prized anti acne ingredient because it is effective at cleansing pores.
  • Retinol can be an effective alternative to azelaic acid, because it keeps the pores clean by making the skin shedding process more efficient.
Azelaic Acid for Hyperpigmentation Another use for azelaic acid is to brighten dark spots on the face, neck, hands, and other parts of the body that have hyperpigmentation. These issues typically occur due to sun damage, which causes melanin pigment to cluster into spots of various sizes. However, some consumers have expressed frustration in their reviews of azelaic acid cream. Many suggest that the product was simply not effective, even with long term use. This is likely the result of using creams with low concentrations of this ingredient, or having excessive hyperpigmentation. In addition to azelaic acid, there are several other ingredients that can effectively address hyperpigmentation. For example, hydroquinone is an effective skin lightener, as are kojic acid and exfoliating alpha hydroxy acids. For some consumers, however, neither azelaic acid cream nor any other ingredient will be effective for hyperpigmentation. Instead, severe cases may need to be addressed with professional skin care treatments like laser skin resurfacing and aggressive chemical peels. Azelaic Acid for Skin Damage In addition to treating hyperpigmentation and acne, azelaic acid is also thought to address general skin damage due to its antioxidant properties. As such, creams with low concentration of this chemical may be a possible solutions for individuals who are looking for additional antioxidants in their skin care routine. Besides azelaic acid, other antioxidants include ingredients like vitamins C and E, green tea, lycopene and niacinamide. Why is Azelaic Acid Under the Radar? So if azelaic acid can be so effective for a variety of skin concerns, why don't more people know about it? Why are salicylic acid, glycolic acid, and benzoyl peroxide household names, while this ingredient is so obscure? One of the reasons why azelaic acid isn't discussed more often can be attributed to effective concentrations. For example, although prescription azelaic acid can show meaningful results due to high concentrations of this chemical, over the counter products may not be potent enough to produce visible results quickly. And because the average consumer does not have the time (or sometimes money) to visit a doctor for a prescription, azelaic acid remains obscure. Another reason why this chemical doesn't receive more attention can be attributed to its image as a jack of all trades. When a chemical shows promise in addressing a variety of skin concerns, it can sometimes be viewed by skin care experts as being too broad. Hence, instead of suggesting azelaic acid cream, many clinicians and professionals may default to more targeted ingredients, like retinol or hydroquinone. Azelaic Acid Side Effects The potential side effects from azelaic acid cream will depend on the concentration of the cream. Over the counter products are less likely to cause an adverse reaction, as opposed to the stronger prescription creams. Some of the side effects of azelaic acid include a sensation of burning and stinging on the skin. Redness and skin drying are also possible side effects that should be monitored closely. Allergic reaction, like difficulty breathing or hives, is also a possibility with this ingredient. Those who are planning to use creams with this ingredient on a long term basis should be especially vigilant about side effects like irritation, inflammation and dryness, as all of these can lead to premature skin aging and wrinkles. To reduce chances of serious side effects, it's advisable to use azelaic acid products under the guidance of a dermatologist or primary care physician. [post_title] => Azelaic Acid [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => open [ping_status] => open [post_password] => [post_name] => azelaic-acid [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2017-06-21 10:36:00 [post_modified_gmt] => 2017-06-21 05:36:00 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => http://www.thedermreview.com/?p=11599 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw ) [10] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 11563 [post_author] => 1 [post_date] => 2015-12-22 15:38:02 [post_date_gmt] => 2015-12-22 10:38:02 [post_content] => Have you heard about Tepezcohuite? It's a skin care ingredient that's only beginning to make headway in the United States, but reportedly has been used in Mexico and South America for centuries. In recent years, however, a greater number of U.S. skin care companies are starting to formulate Tepezcohuite into their creams and balms. For example, ASDM Beverly Hills now has a Tepezcohuite cream, and the Hollywood mega star, Salma Hayek, has even launched an entire skin care line with this ingredient. But many Americans are still wary of this ingredient, because they're not sure how it works. In fact, although Tepezcohuite cream reviews are largely positive online, with some going so far as to call these creams a "miracle," the conversation about these products has remained largely muted in mainstream media. To understand this dynamic, let's take a closer look at what this chemical is and how it works. What is Tepezcohuite? Tepezcohuite is another name for mimosa tenuiflora, a type of tree that grows in Mexico and South America. This tree is believed to have been widely used by locals as source of nutrition for livestock, as well as an herbal remedy for humans and animals alike. The tree is believed to have valuable skin care properties because of a high content of nutrients in its bark. In fact, before it was formulated into a Tepezcohuite cream, the bark would often be prepared with water to wash farm animals, as it is thought to have antimicrobial properties and can induce would healing. In humans, the bark of the Tepezcohuite tree has been used as a natural remedy for wound healing, especially for burn victims. Although scientific studies have not definitively confirmed its effectiveness, and many reports are anecdotal, it is claimed that the bark has highly potent skin regenerative abilities, and can heal burns by promoting healing and the growth of healthy skin. Because of these skin regenerative properties, some companies have started adding Tepezcohuite extract into their creams, with the idea of keeping the skin healthy by helping it heal faster. As such, the manufacturers often make a wide range of claims, suggesting that the Tepezcohuite cream can heal anything from eczema to stretch marks. Tepezcohuite Cream Ingredients When discussing cream with this ingredient, it's important to distinguish the components of the Tepezcohuite bark versus other chemicals in the cream. For example, the ASDM Beverly Hills version of this cream contains the extract of the mimosa tenuiflora bark, but it also contains other chemicals and botanical extracts – meaning that it's not pure Tepezcohuite extract. Because different Tepezcohuite creams can have lots of other ingredients, for the purposes of this discussion, we will only focus on the components of the bark root extract, and not any other additives to the cream.
  • Glucosides:  These chemicals can have help maintain skin health by acting as cleansing agents.
  • Lipids:  The lipids in Tepezcohuite can benefit the skin by boosting the moisture barrier, and thereby increasing hydration of skin cells. A stronger moisture barrier can slow the formation of wrinkles.
  • Tannins:  These are valuable skin care chemicals, as they are believed to reduce inflammation. Such an effect can help slow the aging process, as inflammation has been associated as one of the contributors to aging and wrinkles. Further, the short term benefit of tannins is reduced irritation, for those with sensitive skin.
  • Xylose:  This component of Tepezcohuite is sometimes formulated into skin care products because of its ability to attract moisture. Boosting moisture at the treatment site can improve skin cell function.
  • Flavonoids:  Valued for their antioxidant properties, flavonoids are included in skin care products to repair skin damaged by UV radiation and environmental factors.
Please keep in mind that these are just some of the chemicals believed to be present in Tepezcohuite, and this is not a comprehensive list. Further, it cannot be overstated that different creams with this bark extract will have other different ingredients. Why is this important? Because if you read good Tepezcohuite reviews, the review may be about the bark itself or its uses as an herbal remedy. Mixing that bark extract into a cream will likely have different results for two reasons: Firstly, the amount of Tepezcohuite extract in a cream may be minimal, to a point that it will have little effect on the skin. Secondly, the extract may be mixed with many other cream ingredients, like glycerin, other botanical extracts, preservatives, and fragrances. In this case, the negative side effects of preservatives and fragrance can more than offset any benefits from Tepezcohuite. Therefore, it's imperative to evaluate the entire ingredient list of any Tepezcohuite cream that is being considered, and to discuss it with a medical professional. Where to Buy Tepezcohuite Cream Tepezcohuite cream can be found from several brands, like ASDM Beverly Hills, and Salma Hayek's Nuance line, among others. Some of these can even be found in local drug stores, like CVS. Such availability is a good option for consumers who want to save on shipping charges when trying this cream. The cost of Tepezcohuite cream will vary between brands, but tends to hover in the $20 - $40 range for about two ounces of product. [post_title] => Tepezcohuite [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => open [ping_status] => open [post_password] => [post_name] => tepezcohuite [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2017-06-21 10:41:33 [post_modified_gmt] => 2017-06-21 05:41:33 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => http://www.thedermreview.com/?p=11563 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw ) [11] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 6211 [post_author] => 1 [post_date] => 2014-11-27 12:51:20 [post_date_gmt] => 2014-11-27 07:51:20 [post_content] => Gluconolactone: Ingredient Overview When you're trying to fight the signs of aging, such as fine lines and wrinkles, understanding the ingredients of the serums you use is vital, and one ingredient you may notice in your anti-aging serums is Gluconolactone. This ingredient can be found in a number of creams and serums that are formulated to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Gluconolactone is approved for use for a number of applications by the FDA. Understanding how Gluconolactone works can help you make a more informed decision about which anti-aging products may be right for you. It is also important that you know how this ingredient affects different skin types, such as dry, oily, or sensitive skin. What is Gluconolactone? Gluconolactone is a polyhydroxy acid, which differs from alpha and beta hydroxy acids, such as lactic acid and glycolic acid. While these other acids can often be found in anti-aging creams, serums, and facial peels, they can be damaging to the skin if used in high concentrations. While Gluconolactone is an acid, it has shown to be gentler on the skin because of its molecular structure, which is larger than that of other types of acids that are used in skin care products. However, there is a drawback to this, as products that contain Gluconolactone may not penetrate the upper layers of the skin to work on deeper wrinkles under the surface of the skin. For those with sensitive and aging skin, products that contain this ingredient may be a better choice and may have a number of advantages despite Gluconolactone's penetrative ability. Who Should Use Products with Gluconolactone? If you have used in-home or professional peels in the past that contain AHAs to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, you may have experienced one or more side effects from acid-based ingredients, such as peeling, redness, and sensitivity to the sun. These side effects can be irritating and even painful while you wait for the upper layers of skin to slough away and reveal new growth underneath. If you find that your skin cannot tolerate other acids, then products that contain Gluconolactone may be a better option for you. What to Expect from Gluconolactone If you are considering the use of products that contain Gluconolactone, you may be wondering how effective this ingredient is when compared to AHAs or beta hydroxy acids that are usually used more frequently. Tests on photoaging and Gluconolactone show that this acid reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles that are associated with photoaging after six weeks, and that even greater results were visible after twelve weeks. This means that if you use a cream or serum that contains this ingredient, you will not see immediate results, but after a month or so of continuous use, you should start to see a reduction in fine lines and wrinkles. This makes Gluconolactone a viable ingredient choice for those who aren't looking for a quick fix for their aging skin and want a product that will give them long-term results instead. If you have sensitive skin, you should make an effort to understand how long-term use of Gluconolactone may affect your skin and whether it may cause damage that other acids may cause, such as a loss of pigmentation in the treated area. Gluconolactone Side Effects Since Gluconolactone is not as acidic as most AHAs, it is gentle on the skin and has a low instance of side effects. However, those with thin or highly sensitive skin should speak with their dermatologist about using products that contain Gluconolactone and whether it is the best ingredient choice for treating fine lines and wrinkles. [post_title] => Gluconolactone [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => open [ping_status] => open [post_password] => [post_name] => gluconolactone [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2017-06-21 10:42:23 [post_modified_gmt] => 2017-06-21 05:42:23 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => http://www.thedermreview.com/?p=6211 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw ) [12] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 4201 [post_author] => 1 [post_date] => 2014-05-27 11:01:34 [post_date_gmt] => 2014-05-27 06:01:34 [post_content] => Phenoxyethanol Overview Phenoxyethanol is glycol ether used as a preservative in cosmetic products and medicines. This is a kind of ether alcohol with aromatic properties that can enhance a skin product's scent. The substance is a colorless liquid that is oily in nature, and is considered an organic chemical found in natural form in chicory and green tea. However, Phenoxyethanol is also manufactured artificially, in the laboratory, for use in cosmetic and pharmaceutical products, as it helps create a more potent chemical with less impurities. This organic compound is also known for its antimicrobial properties against yeast, bacterial organisms and molds. These attributes help Phenoxyethanol act as a preservative against germ contamination of bottled products. [contentblock id=23] History of Phenoxyethanol The emergence of Phenoxyethanol as a major chemical preservative occurred when research reports stating the perils of using paraben preservatives were brought into the spotlight. Many manufacturers found this chemical as a suitable alternative to paraben as it was easy to obtain and inexpensive too. The anesthetic properties of Phenoxyethanol allow temporary reduction in sensation when applied to a painful area and can also act as a mild disinfectant. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Approval for Phenoxyethanol FDA has issued warnings revealing that the ingestion of Phenoxyethanol can be toxic and harmful for infants. Accidental ingestion can produce depression of the central nervous system and lead to the occurrence of diarrhea and vomiting. Also, the combined presence of Phenoxyethanol and Chlorphenesin in a product may cause the depression in the respiratory system of infants and those already in poor health. Because of these potentially dangerous side effects, the concentration of this chemical in any cosmetic or other products should not exceed one percent of the total contents. Further, mothers of newborns should avoid the application of cosmetics containing Phenoxyethanol if they are breastfeeding, to prevent possible transmission of the chemical to the child. Chemical Properties in Phenoxyethanol Phenoxyethanol can be broken into ethylene, phenyle, ether, and glycol. The chemical is known by several other names including Phenoxytol, Phenoxethol, Rose ether, Phenyle cellosolve, and Ethylene glycol monophenyl ether. During tests of dermatological products, in addition to preservative properties, the chemical was found to have fixative properties that lock the fragrances in perfumes and soaps to stay for longer duration when applied. Type of Products Containing Phenoxyethanol Phenoxyethanol is mainly found in dermatological and pharmaceutical products including perfumes as stabilizing agent, sunscreens, shampoos, ointments and creams. The chemical is also used in fabric conditioners, bactericides, inks, insect repellants, dyes, antiseptics, vaccines, resins and spermicidal jellies. It's important to understand that this is a secondary ingredient in most skin care products, and is not meant to treat any specific condition or skin problem. Specific Benefits of Using Phenoxyethanol as a Preservative There are several additional uses for Phenoxyethanol besides skin care. For example, the chemical is added to some food items to preserve the freshness for longer periods of time. This organic chemical can kill bacteria present in cosmetic formulations, and is thought to be a more suitable biological buffer compared to sodium azide, as the level of toxicity of Phenoxyethanol is less significant than that of sodium azide. Other than these, Phenoxyethanol is used in several pharmaceutical products and preparing preservatives. Side Effects of Using Phenoxyethanol Phenoxyethanol is believed to cause damage to the brain cells and the central nervous system when used in large quantities. Some other possible side effects of using the chemical include; skin irritation, allergic reactions, cancer, inflammation in the lungs and eyes, dermatitis, and a severe skin reaction in people dealing with Eczema. If you're going to use products with Phenoxyethanol, make sure to keep an eye out for any unexpected skin reactions, and ask your dermatologist if the chemical may exacerbate any skin problems you already have. [contentblock id=17] [post_title] => Phenoxyethanol [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => open [ping_status] => open [post_password] => [post_name] => phenoxyethanol [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2017-06-21 10:42:32 [post_modified_gmt] => 2017-06-21 05:42:32 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => http://www.thedermreview.com/?p=4201 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw ) [13] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 3401 [post_author] => 1 [post_date] => 2014-04-14 05:20:24 [post_date_gmt] => 2014-04-14 00:20:24 [post_content] => Cyclopentasiloxane is one of the most common ingredients used in personal care products today. Synthetically manufactured, it is a silicone derivative that carries a variety of skin and hair applications, such as hair spray and sunscreen lotion, among others. With a larger focus on uses in styling, cyclopentasiloxane is finding more and more popularity in hair care products, and those where a microscopic protective layer may benefit the skin. However, this ingredient is not without its drawbacks, and may accumulate in the body over time. If you choose to utilize products with cyclopentasiloxane, make sure to monitor any changes in your skin, at least during the first several weeks of initial use. [contentblock id=23] Cyclopentasiloxane is a Cost-Effective Substitute One of the biggest benefits of cyclopentasiloxane is the lower cost it provides for manufacturers of skin care products. For example, cyclopentasiloxane may be used as a cheap alternative to organic compounds like vegetable glycerin, and its concentrations in skin care items can be more easily varied because it is synthetically manufactured. This chemical also has low viscosity (meaning that it’s not very thick), and does not leave significant residue behind on the epidermis giving the skin a smoother, healthier feel. Cyclopentasiloxane also doesn’t cool during evaporation, which is helpful in personal care products because it helps decrease possible discomfort. What makes it a popular additive with manufacturers is that the ingredient is colorless and odorless, which makes the process of mixing it with other ingredients easier. The Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) panel concluded in 1991 that compounds containing cyclopentasiloxane were generally safe to use in cosmetics. Further reviews conducted in December 2005 supported its use, though concerns about bioaccumulation are still thought to be valid. Combination of Skin Healing and Styling Properties It is believed that cyclopentasiloxane may have some capacity to remove wrinkles, skin blemishes, or stubborn effects of rosacea. Cyclopentasiloxane is also considered an emollient that soothes and softens the skin by keeping moisture locked in. It may also correct dryness by preventing water loss and prevents scaling by holding more water on the skin’s surface. This chemical is also an excellent lubricant that sufficiently stretches water layers on the surface of the skin. However, it is important to understand that the chemical does not nourish or exfoliate skin the way vitamin A or vitamin E would do. Instead, the silicone often acts as a waterproofing agent, lubricates the skin, and offers a temporary shine. Cyclopentasiloxane may also have skin healing properties, because of its ability to create a protective layer, though these effects are yet to be fully verified. Cyclopentasiloxane Skin Care Products Cyclopentasiloxane is used in concentrations ranging from as low as 0.1% to levels well into the double-digits. At the lower end, the chemical is found in hand and body moisturizers, as it provides enhanced feeling of soft skin. Irritation is kept to the minimum, while the good feel effect without cooling does find favor among regular users. At the higher end, cyclopentasiloxane carries active antiperspirant compounds to the skin and hair and also provides a hair cuticle coat. It’s compatibility with most personal care ingredients such as mineral oil, ethanol, and fatty acid esters make it a common ingredient in eye liners, best drugstore eye cream, foundation creams, lip liners, and eye shadow. [post_title] => Cyclopentasiloxane [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => open [ping_status] => open [post_password] => [post_name] => cyclopentasiloxane [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2017-06-21 10:42:43 [post_modified_gmt] => 2017-06-21 05:42:43 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => http://www.thedermreview.com/?p=3401 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 3 [filter] => raw ) [14] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 3399 [post_author] => 1 [post_date] => 2014-04-14 05:18:23 [post_date_gmt] => 2014-04-14 00:18:23 [post_content] => Oxybenzone in Skin Care Oxybenzone is one of the more popular molecules used by chemists during the manufacturing of cosmetics and is included in sunscreen for UV protection. The chemical is often used to stabilize and strengthen the color and scent of skin care products, but its widest use is in the form of sun block. Unfortunately, the debate about the safety of oxybenzone is still ongoing. One of the biggest concerns in the medical community about the widespread use of the molecule comes from the fact that it’s easily absorbed into the body. This absorption raises concerns that oxybenzone may accumulate in the body, eventually leading to potentially toxic levels of the chemical, which can affect the endocrine system. History of Oxybenzone Researchers established as far back as 1906 that oxybenzone existed in plants and could be commercially utilized for its broad-spectrum ultraviolet (UV) protection against UVA and UVB rays. The chemical was used in an array of applications and, in the 1980s, was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for commercial sale in the United States. The recent FDA regulation allowing just 6% oxybenzone to be used in cosmetics from April 1, 2013 suggests that the chemical is being analyzed for safety on an ongoing basis, as some of its potential side effects are not fully understood. How Oxybenzone Helps the Skin Besides its ability to mitigate sunburns, oxybenzone may diminish long term skin damage from the sun, and can slow the development of dark spots on face, which are often caused by UV radiation. The molecule is widely accepted as one of the best organic UVA filters currently used in sunscreens. In fact, it is so widely used, that it is believed to be present in the bodies of approximately 97% of Americans, because of its prevalence in sun block and even the best sunscreen for face. Oxybenzone Side Effects On the one hand, while the use of oxybenzone in skin care products has increased over the last few decades, there are some precautions to be taken, especially if you use a large number of products with this ingredient. Some have also found it strange that decades after its initial implementation and mass production, oxybenzone has come under repeated scrutiny leading to ongoing scientific investigation of the chemical’s long term effects on the human body. Until the scientific community arrives at a more conclusive understanding of dangers associated with prolonged use of oxybenzone, some precautions should be taken to avoid health concerns.
  • Oxybenzone demonstrates little immediate effect of toxicity on the human body. Therefore, it is abundantly use in commercial products. Good news for manufacturers – bad news for those with highly sensitive skin. Because the chemical is common in skin care and moisturizers with sunscreen, you are more apt to encounter it in your daily skin care routine, and should therefore take steps to mitigate potential bio accumulation by substituting some of your products, so that they don’t all have this chemical.
  • The human body has numerous hormonal receptors to which oxybenzone readily attaches itself, thus increasing hormonal activity within the body. This can be a big deal, as hormone levels play a role in the vital processes of the body, and if your endocrine system is fooled by the presence of these pseudo hormones, it can affect your organ systems and other bodily functions. Also, keep in mind that the body can overcome mild changes, but if endocrine system receptors are blocked by oxybenzone on a regular basis, you may experience hormonal imbalances, leading uncharacteristic weight gain, to pain caused by inflammation in the body.
  • Because oxybenzone can be absorbed through the skin, women who are pregnant or breastfeeding should consult with a pediatrician if products with this chemical are being used on a regular basis.
  [post_title] => Oxybenzone [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => open [ping_status] => open [post_password] => [post_name] => oxybenzone [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2017-06-21 10:42:54 [post_modified_gmt] => 2017-06-21 05:42:54 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => http://www.thedermreview.com/?p=3399 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw ) [15] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 3397 [post_author] => 1 [post_date] => 2014-04-14 05:17:40 [post_date_gmt] => 2014-04-14 00:17:40 [post_content] => Sodium Laurel Sulfate in Skin Care Have you ever seen sodium laurel sulfate on the ingredient label of a shampoo or soap, and wondered what it does? If you have, you’re not alone. This compound is added an essential ingredient in many shampoos, body washes and many other skin care products because of its ability to produce foam and remove oils from skin. Sodium laurel sulfate is usually extracted from the fatty acids in coconut oil or palm oil, and is known as a common surfactant (it’s effective at breaking down oils). However, some skin care companies manufacture this synthetic detergent product through extraction from petrolatum or other sources. What makes sodium laurel sulfate a relatively common ingredient in skin care products is its milder nature when compared to its sister chemicals for producing foam, such as sodium lauryl ether sulfate (SLES) and ammonium lauryl sulfate (ALS). History of Sodium Laurel Sulfate Sodium laurel sulfate is thought to have been used in shampoo products of various brands since as early as the 1930s. It is often manufactured through a catalyst reduction process whereby palm or coconut oil is broken down into chains of alcohols. At first the fatty acids in the oil are extracted using a distillation process to obtain the lauric fatty acid. A reduction reaction is then performed to transform it into lauric alcohol, which can then be treated with sulfuric acid and then neutralized to produce sodium salt. However, the oil-fighting properties of sodium laurel sulfate have made it a popular ingredient in industrial application as well, with the ingredient being used in a variety of high intensity floor cleaning agents and degreasers. Sodium Laurel Sulfate Skin Benefits Sodium laurel sulfate is thought to be helpful in extracting dirt and oils from the skin and scalp more effectively than simple soap or basic facial cleansers. The skin care products with this ingredient also provide a strong lather and are good cleansing options during summer, when the amount of oil secretions increases on the skin. A good facial cleanser with a surfactant like sodium laurel sulfate, or similar compounds, may be helpful to get rid of acne in such situations. However, it will not be effective on its own, as it does little to break down the sebum in already-clogged pores the way salicylic acid does. Products Containing Sodium Laurel Sulfate Sodium laurel sulfate is mainly used in toothpastes, shampoos, soaps, and facial cleansers to produce a fine lather effect and trap dirt. The chemical is also considered somewhat of an emulsifier, and can help ingredients in the bottle stay mixed because of the compound’s ability to mix with either water or oil. This made the ingredient popular with manufacturers because it allowed to achieve several desired product properties with just one chemical – thus making products somewhat cheaper. But the concentration of the substance is comparatively lower in the skincare products compared to the cleaning agents, and sodium laurel sulfate is still better known in its industrial applications. Side Effects of Using Sodium Laurel Sulfate Practical experiences and studies have shown that despite being milder than the SLES, sodium laurel sulfate can cause skin irritation during and after use of a product. The chemical can cause itching, pain and redness when it comes in contact with the eyes, and strong concentrations of the compound in skincare and hair care products can also cause excessive dryness. In some cases, the presence of sodium laurel sulfate in toothpaste can even lead to development of mouth sores. Although there is little risk of bioaccumulation issues after using products with this chemical, meaning that side effects should not last for significant amounts of time. However, the presence of sodium laurel sulfate in hair coloring products can dry out the hair strands, making them brittle, and difficult to repair quickly, which can become a nuisance for those with long hair.   [post_title] => Sodium Laurel Sulfate [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => open [ping_status] => open [post_password] => [post_name] => sodium-laurel-sulfate [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2017-06-21 10:45:30 [post_modified_gmt] => 2017-06-21 05:45:30 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => http://www.thedermreview.com/?p=3397 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw ) [16] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 3395 [post_author] => 1 [post_date] => 2014-04-14 05:17:03 [post_date_gmt] => 2014-04-14 00:17:03 [post_content] => Octocrylene Overview Octocrylene is a chemical compound often used as an additive in sun screen, and is thought to have skin moisturizing effects because of its emollient properties. What makes this chemical such a popular additive to sun block, is its ability to neutralize UV radiation dissipated by sunlight, and to minimize skin damage from prolonged sun exposure. Octocrylene is also often combined with avobenzone, another common sunscreen ingredient often appearing on ingredient labels. Because of its effectiveness, the chemical has been approved across the globe for use in cosmetics and skin care products, but the concentrations of this ingredient are usually limited to no more than 10 or 12 percent. However, the use of this chemical doesn’t just stop with sunscreen for face and arms, but can extend to a variety of other products, like hair spray, tannin oil, BB cream, conditioner, and CC cream, among others. Octocrylene Finds Extensive Use in Sunscreens Octocrylene has the ability to improve skin coating levels of other UV absorbers, thereby allowing the pleasant feeling to last for a longer time. As an active ingredient in sunscreen drug products, the chemical is mostly used for external purposes in lotions and creams used as sun care products, daily use moisturizers, decorative cosmetics including sun protection, and baby sun protection applications. Octocrylene is typically an organic compound that is thick and has an oily texture, though it is colorless. An active ingredient used in many over-the-counter sunscreen products, octocrylene is very chemically stable and can be used as an additive to cosmetics in order to preserve any natural chemical degradation that can occur when skin care products are exposed to sunlight for prolonged periods of time. The chemical can also act as an emollient, locking moisture in the skin to increase cellular hydration. However, it’s important to remember that the primary purpose of this ingredient is to neutralize UV radiation, and any emollient properties are just an added benefit. If you’re looking to specifically moisturize the skin, octocrylene should not be the most important ingredient on your list. Stable Compound for Sun Protection The clear and colorless compound was first identified for extensive use when researchers realized it combined very well with avobenzone, providing excellent UVA protection and making it one of the most popular compounds used in sunscreens across the United States. On its own, it is a weak sunscreen offering limited UVA and UVB protection. However, its strength lies in the fact that it is chemically stable and can boost the photo stability of other synthetic ingredients contained in sunscreens. Another useful chemical property of octocrylene is its ability to easily combine with other oils, which makes it helpful as an emulsifier – used to keep ingredients more thoroughly mixed to improve their effectiveness. In-vitro studies have shown that sunscreen combinations containing octocrylene may increase UVA protection levels without causing instability or significantly harming the skin, and boosting the sun protection factor (SPF). Minimal Side Effects Octocrylene is absorbed into the skin quite easily, thereby increasing danger of forming free radicals that may become unstable and react with other compounds forming harmful substances when used in excess quantity. This is a paradoxical concept, because the chemical is meant to decrease free radicals on the surface on the skin. But when it enters the body, it has more opportunities to react with other chemicals and cause changes in the deeper layers of the skin. This is why the concentration quantities of this ingredient are limited, as larger doses could be potentially harmful. Possible reproductive toxicity is also a possible side effect, albeit a smaller one. If you are worried about the potential effects of octocrylene, speak with your dermatologist and your physician, especially if you are pregnant [post_title] => Octocrylene [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => open [ping_status] => open [post_password] => [post_name] => octocrylene [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2017-06-21 10:45:53 [post_modified_gmt] => 2017-06-21 05:45:53 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => http://www.thedermreview.com/?p=3395 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw ) [17] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 3393 [post_author] => 1 [post_date] => 2014-04-14 05:16:03 [post_date_gmt] => 2014-04-14 00:16:03 [post_content] => Overview of Palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7 Palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7 is a type of synthetic peptide compound which combines several chains of amino acids to reduce skin inflammation and the accompanying skin damage. This peptide compound is also believed to stimulate the regeneration of collagen fibers in the dermis by acting as sort of cellular messenger. Palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7 is also thought to increase the amount of hyaluronic acid in the skin, which can help tighten skin by attracting moisture to the epidermis. Although the chemical is considered to be safe for use in skin care, the ingredient’s ability to break down skin pigment could lead to skin discoloration issues. If you’re planning to add products with palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7 to your skin care routine, do so gradually, and preferably under the care of your dermatologist. History of Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-7 Palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7 was considered to a preferable substance for use in cosmetic products due to its ability to penetrate skin and deliver other anti aging ingredients deeper into skin tissues. The quality of solubility in oil makes it an ideal choice of synthesis with common compounds used in dermatological products especially anti aging products, since the mixtures are more likely to stay homogenous. To obtain the full report surrounding toxicological issues, possible side effects due to prolonged use and other factors, this palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7 was submitted under the Voluntary Cosmetic Registration Program in 2012 for FDA approval. Benefits of Palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7 Palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7 is mainly used in anti aging products for its ability to lighten skin and improve skin elasticity. Following are some of the important benefits the chemical provides, making it a common ingredient in anti aging skin care products:
  • The higher concentration of this chemical in beauty products may reduce the production of interleukin to up to 40 percent. Interleukin is a chemical often associated with inflammation, as the body creates it in response to damage. For example, skin cells damaged due to the over exposure to the UV rays can cause the production of this chemical, leading to cell deterioration from inflammation. By blocking this chemical, palmitoyl tetrapeptide 7 relieves some of the chemical pressure on the skin, and allows it to heal faster.
  • Palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7 may also reduces problems with skin roughness, fine lines, thin skin and wrinkles.
  • The proper proportion of palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7 and palmitoyl-oligopeptide in cosmetic products induces natural collagen production for skin healing and rejuvenation.
  • May help treat rosacea.
  • Reduce the appearance of uneven skin tones
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Approval Palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7 is an FDA tested and listed product, believed to carry little, if any dangers of toxicity. Research results suggest that this ingredient is safe for use in dermatological products, although over use may lead to skin discoloration issues. According to the analysis reports published by the FDA, palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7 contains a chain of four essential amino acids: glycine, glutamine, proline, arginine sequence. These amino acids provide anti aging effects by stimulating cell proliferation and boosting the extra-cellular matrix renewal process by working on the molecular levels in the skin layers. Type of Products Containing Palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7 Palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7 is used as a relatively common ingredient in anti aging serums, night creams, anti wrinkle creams, the best undereye concealer, facial moisturizing and creams to get rid of acne scars and other pigmentation issues. It is important to remember that this chemical will rarely be the only active ingredient in the product, and is just part of the overall treatment. Hence, its concentrations may be negligible in a skin care product, but prolonged use may have more profound effects on skin tone. Palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7 Side Effects There are no believed side effects associated with using products containing palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7. This synthetic compound is thought to be generally suitable for using on different skin types without significant risk of rash or irritation, and is considered to be non-toxic. Of course, keep in mind that just because an ingredient is considered to be non-toxic, that does not mean it isn’t dangerous. Allergies can cause problems and issues of their own. After all, nuts are not considered to be toxic, yet thousands of people die each year from nut allergies. In the same way, you may be allergic to any ingredient, including palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7, which means you should start the use of such products slowly, until you see how your skin reacts. [post_title] => Palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7 [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => open [ping_status] => open [post_password] => [post_name] => palmitoyl-tetrapeptide-7 [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2017-06-21 10:46:01 [post_modified_gmt] => 2017-06-21 05:46:01 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => http://www.thedermreview.com/?p=3393 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw ) [18] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 3391 [post_author] => 1 [post_date] => 2014-04-14 05:14:32 [post_date_gmt] => 2014-04-14 00:14:32 [post_content] => Acetyl Hexapeptide 8: Skin Care Uses and Side Effects Acetyl hexapeptide 8, which is also known as Argireline, is a peptide compound that is used in skin care to reduce the appearance of wrinkles brought on by repeated facial expressions. When it comes to fine lines and wrinkles on the face, especially around the eyes and mouth; they usually form because of repeated facial expressions, such as smiling, frowning, or furrowing the brow in deep concentration or frustration. When people make these expressions, the face contorts based on the contraction of the muscles beneath the skin. Acetyl hexapeptide 8 can temporarily get rid of wrinkles by intercepting messages from the brain, thereby preventing muscle contractions. If you're considering ways to remove wrinkles, such as frown and laugh lines, then this peptide may be an option for you, though it is not likely to eliminate deep forehead wrinkles or other significantly pronounced lines. Although acetyl hexapeptide-8 is thought to be generally safe, keep in mind that when using products with this chemical, you should start slowly, as you may temporarily create unnatural face expressions if you do not use the products correctly. How to Find Skin Care Products That Contain Acetyl Hexapeptide 8 There are a number of different products that contain acetyl hexapeptide 8, but in most cases, these items are available from high-end skin retailers, spas, and from your dermatologists. Even the best Serums, creams, and other products that contain acetyl hexapeptide 8 usually also include other peptides as their active ingredients to help regenerate skin cells. If you are unsure how this peptide will affect you, then it is best to buy a product that contains acetyl hexapeptide 8 from a doctor or dermatologist who can advise you about its usage and possible side effects. Serums and creams that contain this peptide are also available through major retailers online, but most of these products are quite expensive and may exceed your skin care budget. Who Should Avoid the Use of Acetyl Hexapeptide 8? While acetyl hexapeptide 8 has been proven to prevent the formation of wrinkles that are caused by frowning and smiling, there are people who should avoid using this peptide because of the way it blocks impulses to the muscles of the face. For example, if you have drooping eyelids or sagging skin around the eyes, then the use of acetyl hexapeptide 8 may worsen this problem. If you have a problem with muscular twitching in the face, then you may first want to speak to your physician about using anti-aging products that contain acetyl hexapeptide 8. The Benefits of Acetyl Hexapeptide 8 If you are otherwise healthy and don't suffer from sagging skin, then there are several different ways that acetyl hexapeptide 8 can benefit you. The most obvious benefit is that its method of delivery is much less invasive than that of Botox or collagen injections, which can be extremely painful. Application of anti aging serums and creams can also be done at home and requires no appointments with a dermatologist or time away from a busy schedule. If you're using a product that contains the peptide and are not doing so under the care of a doctor, you should watch closely for the development of side effects, as the ingredient doesn’t just work on the surface of the skin, but affects neurological impulses. Side Effects of Acetyl Hexapeptide 8 While not everyone will suffer from side effects caused by acetyl hexapeptide 8, those who have sensitive skin may experience stinging upon application, redness, and dry flaky skin on face at the treatment site. You should never apply products that contain the peptide to irritated or sun burned skin. If you experience a strong negative reaction to acetyl hexapeptide 8, then you should discontinue its use and consult your dermatologist or skin care expert. [post_title] => Acetyl Hexapeptide 8 [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => open [ping_status] => open [post_password] => [post_name] => acetyl-hexapeptide-8 [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2017-06-21 10:46:10 [post_modified_gmt] => 2017-06-21 05:46:10 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => http://www.thedermreview.com/?p=3391 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw ) [19] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 3283 [post_author] => 1 [post_date] => 2014-03-31 03:17:47 [post_date_gmt] => 2014-03-30 22:17:47 [post_content] => Isododecane: General Information and Side Effects It is important for those who use makeup products to know what ingredients are contained within them, and a common substance that is often found in many cosmetics is isododecane. This ingredient is an emollient and is often added to products such as mascara, lip gloss, and eyeliner to keep them soft, with the ability to spread easily on skin. Isododecane is used in many different cosmetic items because of its low instance of side effects and because it cannot be absorbed by the skin, and therefore lacks the ability to elicit significant irritation. If you're concerned about how isododecane might affect your skin or whether you should use any cosmetic products that contain it, you should work closely with your skin care specialist as she may suggest alternative skin treatments that don’t contain this ingredient at all. [contentblock id=23] Isododecane Uses Because isododecane is such an effective emollient, is allows products such as lip gloss, eye shadow, eyeliner, and SPF-based cosmetics the ability to glide easily across the skin and spread in an even layer for maximum effectiveness. This chemical is also commonly used in anti-aging serums, as it's important that high-end products spread easily for an even coverage across the entire skin surface to avoid the appearance of patchy skin. Isododecane is also used in the best under eye concealer, where the ability to evenly spread the product is important because of the uneven surface due to wrinkles and fine lines. Another reason why isododecane is used in cosmetic products is due to its non-comedonal properties. This means that it will not clog pores or contribute to the development of acne. This ingredient is extremely light to the touch, making it a perfect addition to "weightless" cosmetic products that are supposed to feel as if they aren't there at all. Because it is a hydrocarbon, isododecane is highly effective in preventing the evaporation of water from the skin. This means that the makeup will last longer on the skin, and the epidermis will be better moisturized. Choosing Products with Isododecane While isododecane is generally thought to be safe, you may be wondering whether it will have an adverse effect on your skin type. There are several steps you can take, however, to ensure that you use this ingredient safely. First, make an appointment with your dermatologist or skin care specialist. Be sure to talk to your doctor about your skin type (such as whether your skin has reacted negatively to cosmetic products in the past), if you use any type of medicated washes on your face, and what kind of makeup you currently use. All of this information can help your skin care professional discern whether products containing isododecane are right for you. Keep in mind that just because your dermatologist believes isododecane is safe for you, it does not mean that the active ingredients in your skin care products won’t cause an allergic reaction. If your dermatologist has identified your skin as sensitive, avoid products that contain artificial fragrances, or  colors, as these may irritate the skin. Side Effects of Isododecane To date, there have been no recorded side effects associated with isododecane. However, some experts assert that very few tests have actually been performed with it, and that there is always a possibility of an allergic reaction. When you use products that contain this ingredient, be sure to watch out for any type of unusual developments, such as redness, swelling, or itchy hives that leak fluid, as these may be signs of a severe allergic reaction. [post_title] => Isododecane [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => open [ping_status] => open [post_password] => [post_name] => isododecane [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2017-06-21 10:46:18 [post_modified_gmt] => 2017-06-21 05:46:18 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => http://www.thedermreview.com/?p=3283 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw ) [20] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 3281 [post_author] => 1 [post_date] => 2014-03-31 03:15:43 [post_date_gmt] => 2014-03-30 22:15:43 [post_content] => Avobenzone: Uses and Side Effects One of the more effective ways to take care of your skin is to protect it from the sun with sunscreens containing ingredients like avobenzone, which absorb UV radiation. While you may already understand that long-term exposure to the sun can cause severe sunburns and melanoma, what you may not know is that the sun's rays can also destroy healthy skin cells and collagen, leading to sagging skin. Most sunscreens work by blocking UV rays and free radicals, but avobenzone works by absorbing the rays and converting them to energy that is less damaging to the skin. Because of the way it works, it's called a chemical sunscreen and protects the skin from a wide range of harmful UV rays. If you are considering the purchase of sun block with avobenzone, you should be aware of how it may affect your individual skin type and whether it is the best choice in your situation. [contentblock id=23] A Brief History and Uses of Avobenzone Avobenzone was first patented in 1973 and was in use throughout Europe after 1978. The cosmetic uses of this ingredient were not approved by the FDA until 1998, and today, this ingredient is considered to be generally safe for topical use. Unfortunately, in many cases, avobenzone is not effective on its own as a sunscreen because its strength fades quickly when it is exposed to sunlight. However, when it was combined with a number of photo-stabilizing ingredients, like octocrylene, the resiliency of this ingredient is boosted significantly. Avobenzone is also widely used in other cosmetic and skin care products to keep the other ingredients stable. In addition to being used in sunscreen, this chemical is often used in creams, sprays, and even lip balms. How to Use Avobenzone When applying a sunscreen that contains avobenzone, be sure to read all instructions and warnings on the back label. While this product is generally safe to use on many areas of the body, you should be cautious, and avoid getting the lotion into your eyes or mouth. Since avobenzone isn't waterproof, you should reapply the sunscreen if you sweat heavily or go swimming. If you plan on staying in the sun for a long time, you should also reapply after two to three hours.  Do not apply creams with avobenzone to broken or irritated skin, as the ingredient can exacerbate the problem and cause inflammation. While this product has been deemed safe by the FDA, you should not apply it to children under the age of six and ask a dermatologist about using avobenzone if you are pregnant. And don’t forget, SPF ratings on sunscreen aren’t meant to tell you the effectiveness of the cream – SPF 50 is not necessarily better than SPF 30. Instead, it tells you how much the lotion can boost your skin’s ability to fight UV radiation, and therefore, how long you can be in the sun. So if you have fair, sensitive skin, you will get sun burned more quickly than someone with an olive complexion, even if you wear the same avobenzone sunscreen, with the same SPF rating. Avobenzone Side Effects There are few side effects believed to be associated with avobenzone itself, though when it is combined with other ingredients, it may become toxic if used too often or in large doses. Most concentrations of this ingredient range from three to five percent when included in a sunscreen, and products with these percentages are usually safe. No other adverse effects have been reported with the use of this ingredient, but if you notice any strange skin reactions after using avobenzone, you may have a skin allergy to the product and you should stop using it right away. While these allergies are rare, they have occurred, and the symptoms include redness of the skin, swelling, and hives. If you notice any of these symptoms after using avobenzone, consult your doctor right away. [post_title] => Avobenzone [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => open [ping_status] => open [post_password] => [post_name] => avobenzone [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2017-06-21 10:48:46 [post_modified_gmt] => 2017-06-21 05:48:46 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => http://www.thedermreview.com/?p=3281 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw ) [21] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 3279 [post_author] => 1 [post_date] => 2014-03-31 03:14:46 [post_date_gmt] => 2014-03-30 22:14:46 [post_content] => Understanding Cyclomethicone

If you use new-age beauty products then chances are you will encounter an organic compound listed on the back of your container, called cyclomethicone. This substance is a clear, alcohol-free and odorless liquid, added to personal skin care products to give them a smoother texture that is more easily applied to the skin. Cyclomethicone is often blended with perfumes, lotions, creams, and hair care lines, and is currently being researched for use in products that tend to cause dryness and irritation. When used in skin care products, cyclomethicone helps leave skin feeling smooth and lubricated, instead of sticky or oily. This ingredient can also act as a replacement for petroleum based solvents, thereby decreasing the effects on the ozone layer.

[contentblock id=23] History of Cyclomethicone Created in the early 1980s by Dow-Corning as an alternative emulsifier for personal care products, the chemical structure of cyclomethicone allows it to be easily spread across the skin without entering the pores or sticking to skin cells. An important aspect of any skin care product is its ability to be spread evenly across the skin to deliver the active healing ingredients to all targeted areas equally. Cyclomethicone was created to give skin care products a smoother texture that can be effortlessly applied to the skin surface. How Cyclomethicone Works There are several reasons why cyclomethicone is an effective additive to lotions and creams. First, the molecules of this chemical are too large to enter human pores, thus leaving the product on the surface of the skin, creating a softer and smoother skin texture. Also, cyclomethicone molecules don’t tend to block the active ingredients from entering the skin, because they tend to leave significant amounts of space in between each other. These properties have made cyclomethicone a commonly used ingredient throughout the skin care and cosmetics industry. If you find yourself with problems of dry skin or hair, look for a product that uses 5%-10% cyclomethicone, or ask your dermatologist for help in selecting the right product. (Though because this compound is widely used in hair conditioners, cuticle conditioners, and body creams; you may have already encountered it at one point or another.) Cyclomethicone is also believed to aid in the rejuvenation of skin where acne scars were present, and is currently being tested for the affect it may have on psoriasis. This silicone agent may also be useful in skin creams where anti-aging compositions are found because it is also thought to have moisturizing properties. RelatedBest acne treatments The Truth About 13 Top Acne Treatment. Side Effects Though cyclomethicone is believed to have a variety of benefits, there are some drawbacks to using this product, especially for those with sensitive skin. For example, this ingredient is a non-comedogenic, which means that it doesn’t clog pores or cling to skin, but has been known to cause minor skin and eye irritation. Always make sure to first test any new products you purchase on a small area of your skin to ensure your safety in use. If you have already used a product containing cyclomethicone and are still experiencing signs of irritation after washing with water from your skin, please consult with your dermatologist. He or she may be able to help you find a more suitable emulsifier that is less abrasive to your skin. Cyclomethicone is still being tested and researched for use in other applications revolving around dry flaky skin on face, and excessive loss of moisture on other parts of the body. The flexibility of this chemical to merge with oils, fragrances and multiple beauty care products means that it’s likely here to stay. If you find yourself with dry hair, skin or nails, ask your dermatologist if products with cyclomethicone may help you fight the problem. [post_title] => Cyclomethicone [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => open [ping_status] => open [post_password] => [post_name] => cyclomethicone [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2017-06-21 10:48:55 [post_modified_gmt] => 2017-06-21 05:48:55 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => http://www.thedermreview.com/?p=3279 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw ) [22] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 3277 [post_author] => 1 [post_date] => 2014-03-31 03:13:48 [post_date_gmt] => 2014-03-30 22:13:48 [post_content] => Propylparaben: Uses and Side Effects Anyone who reads the ingredients of their cosme tics, such as eye shadow, eyeliner, and foundation, may note that a common ingredient in all of them is propylparaben. This ingredient exists naturally in several different types of plants and even in a few species of insects. However, the type of propylparaben that is found in cosmetics is created synthetically for environmental and financial reasons. The element is white in color and very fine, as well as being crystalline, like granulated sugar. Propylparaben has been used in cosmetics since the early 20th century and is an ester of p-hydroxybenzoic acid, but since it is synthetic, those who use it should be aware of its possible effects on the skin. [contentblock id=23] Parabens Overview Parabens are used in different cosmetics all over the world, and many studies have been performed about their effect on the human body. At the beginning of the 1950's, propylparaben was widely used to slow the growth of many different kinds of bacteria, mold, and certain types of yeast so that products had a longer shelf life. The chemical’s use has changed little since then, and many cosmetic companies utilize it in their products to make them last longer in different types of environments, especially when they may be stored in places that aren't always cool or dry. Keep in mind that products don’t always have the same concentration of this chemical, as the formulation depends on the other ingredients and the desired texture of the final product. While propylparaben is believe to be safe, there are a number of concerns that you should be aware of. The Possible Dangers of Propylparaben One of the main propylparaben dangers cited by dermatologists and skin care specialists is the chemical’s ability to mimic estrogen in the human body, causing an over-abundance of this hormone. Because hormones play such a vital role in the body by stimulating various biological processes, chemicals that mimic hormones can lead to a significant number of problems and pain from internal inflammation. When this happens, you may start gaining weight, retaining more fluids, and can even lead to cancer. Estrogen-related problems from propylparaben are especially detrimental to women who are pregnant or nursing, and are already facing wide hormonal fluctuations. Using Propylparaben Safely In the mid-1980s, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) asserted that propylparaben was a safe ingredient in cosmetics and personal care products. In most cases, levels of this chemical in cosmetic use is approximately anywhere from 0.01 up to 0.3 percent. If you're wondering if these levels are large enough to have a negative impact on your body, there's little reason to be concerned. However, if you combine eye shadow, mascara, foundation, and other skin care products that contain propylparaben, you may be exposing your skin to higher-than-normal levels of the ingredient. To combat this problem, start reading label ingredients when you shop for cosmetics. Choose only one or two products that contain propylparaben or make an effort to avoid combining items that contain it. You can also supplement your cosmetics collection with all natural products that do not include anything synthetic, including propylparaben. Propylparaben and Cancer Quite a few studies have been conducted to see if a link exists between propylparaben and breast cancer, but most research has been inconclusive. While some experts believe there is a link, as parabens have been found in cancerous breast tissue, there is not enough evidence to make a solid case. If you have a history of breast cancer (or any other cancer) in your family, or are concerned about the possible link between propylparaben and estrogen toxicity, consult your doctor or skin care professional about using this ingredient safely. [post_title] => Propylparaben [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => open [ping_status] => open [post_password] => [post_name] => propylparaben [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2017-06-21 10:49:03 [post_modified_gmt] => 2017-06-21 05:49:03 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => http://www.thedermreview.com/?p=3277 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 1 [filter] => raw ) [23] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 3275 [post_author] => 1 [post_date] => 2014-03-31 03:11:54 [post_date_gmt] => 2014-03-30 22:11:54 [post_content] => Allantoin-Based Products That May Benefit Your Skin There are a number of chemical compounds that are good for the skin, and one of the most versatile in allantoin. This compound can be found naturally in most animals and plants, and is also synthesized in laboratories when being used for commercial purposes. Allantoin has a number of skin care applications, and is thought to have moisturizing effects as well as properties that help create smooth, healthy skin. Although the ingredient’s name may be difficult to pronounce, it is considered to be a relatively safe chemical in skin care products, as it has a low instance of side effects. Allantoin is found in a number of different products, such as acne scar treatments and moisturizers, and is usually safe for all skin types. [contentblock id=25] Allantoin for Acne Scars If your skin is rough or pitted with scars from serious or chronic acne, then products that contain allantoin may be a good choice when it comes to smoothing and healing the imperfections. This ingredient can also soothe the skin without causing irritation, which as important factor if you're using an acne medicine that contains salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide. Allantoin also provides a natural protectant for healing skin and is believed to promote cell regeneration. By stimulating the natural rejuvenation process, allantoin can help get rid of acne scars and create a more balanced skin tone. [contentblock id=26] Allantoin for Smooth, Moisturized Skin There are many products on the market that help moisturize and smooth dry flaky skin on face and hands, but many of them contain potentially dangerous or irritating ingredients that may harm sensitive skin. Lotions, clarifying creams, and moisturizers that contain allantoin may be a viable choice for those who have sensitive skin and have experienced negative reactions to other skin care products in the past. Not only does allantoin help skin to lock in moisture, the chemical also encourages skin to shed dead cells and grow new ones, which promotes healthy cell development and prevents dull, sallow skin. If you have sensitive, dry, or scaly skin, then using products that contain allantoin may benefit it by moisturizing, protecting, and healing all at the same time without causing any further adverse effects. Even in its synthesized form, allantoin is non-irritating and can be used on the skin daily, although people with sensitive skin are advised to test the use of this product gradually. [contentblock id=27] Using Cosmetics with Allantoin Those with sensitivities to cosmetics may benefit from the use of products that contain allantoin. Many different cosmetic products contain this non-irritating compound, such as concealer, foundation, and lipstick, among others. If your skin is prone to rashes and other irritations when you wear even the best drugstore makeup, then you may want to consider shopping for cosmetics that contain allantoin to reduce the risk of breakouts and other reactions. Not only is this chemical less irritating than other compounds often present in cosmetics, but since it also moisturizes the skin, it may mitigate the effects of other, harmful ingredients. Sunscreen with Allantoin If your skin is prone to irritation when you wear sunscreen, then consider switching to a brand that contains allantoin. Not only will it provide you with UV protection, but it will also moisturize your skin and encourage healthy cell development as the product blocks UV rays. While the chemical itself does not block UV rays, it is often included in many sunscreen products to help reduce irritation. However, do keep in mind that any chemical has the potential to irritate the skin, and even cause a serious allergic reaction. Therefore, if you have highly sensitive skin, be sure to first discuss using products with allantoin with your dermatologist. [contentblock id=28] [post_title] => Allantoin [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => open [ping_status] => open [post_password] => [post_name] => allantoin [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2017-06-21 10:49:14 [post_modified_gmt] => 2017-06-21 05:49:14 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => http://www.thedermreview.com/?p=3275 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 3 [filter] => raw ) [24] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 3273 [post_author] => 1 [post_date] => 2014-03-31 03:10:57 [post_date_gmt] => 2014-03-30 22:10:57 [post_content] => Dimethicone: Product Uses and Side Effects Dimethicone, which is a silicone oil, is also known as polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and is used in a number of health and beauty products. Those who purchase skin care products with this ingredient sometimes don’t realize that this oil is also occasionally used as a food additive and may be found in several different industrial applications as well. Dimethicone is an emulsifier (which means it helps keep other ingredients from separating) and a moisturizer that makes it a highly effective additive to skin and hair care products. The chemical is also used as an emollient to make the surface of the skin more flexible and help the skin retain moisture. While the instance of side effects associated with the use of dimethicone is believed to be low, those who use products containing this ingredient should know that allergic reactions, such as redness, swelling, and irritation may occur. [contentblock id=25] Dimethicone Use in Skin and Hair Products Dimethicone is often found in hair care products such as shampoo, conditioner, leave-in conditioner, and de-tangling products. The chemical acts as an emulsifier, keeping other ingredients better mixed, thus helping the product coat the hair strands more evenly. Once the hair is coated with products containing dimethicone, stubborn snags, knots, curls, and frizzy hair can be combed through more easily. This is especially useful for children who have problem hair and find it impossible to sit still for a combing. While the FDA has listed dimethicone as safe to use, individuals who are prone to having oily hair should restrict the use of products that contain this chemical because it may weigh down their hair or make it look overly greasy. Dimethicone is also used in a number of skin care products, such as those that moisturize the skin, treat dry flaky skin on face, and in those that care for mild skin irritations, such as eczema, diaper rashes, and other types of dermatitis. The dimethicone in these products coats the skin and not only adds moisture to the affected area but also helps to seal it in so that the skin can heal faster. In addition, this chemical may be used in a number of cream-based makeup products, such as foundation and the best undereye concealer, adding a moisturizing element and allowing the product to spread over the skin with more ease. [contentblock id=26] Dimethicone Safety Dimethicone has been used for years in skin and hair care products, and few problems have been reported. However, keep in mind that just because problems are not reported, it doesn’t mean they are nonexistent. Some skin care experts and physicians have asserted that dimethicone may interact with other types of chemicals that are found in skin and hair products, but test results are still inconclusive. However, it is possible to have sensitivity to dimethicone, and if you experience redness or swelling of the skin where products containing the ingredient have been applied, you should discontinue its use immediately. [contentblock id=27] In some cases, those with extremely sensitive or thin skin have reported that creams containing dimethicone can make their skin feel drier than usual. This a paradoxical effect, as the ingredient is supposed to moisturize the skin, but the intricacies in individual genetics and biology can play a big role in how your skin reacts to any skin care ingredient. If this severe dryness should occur, it is usually an indicator that you have a sensitivity or allergy to the chemical. To reduce the risk of sensitivity, limit the use of products that contain this ingredient and maybe even try a homemade wrinkle cream instead. Keep in mind, however, that some experts believe that this chemical may even interact with herbal topical medicines. If you have any concerns about dimethicone or its effects on the skin, you may want to consult your physician in addition to a dermatologist, as this chemical has been known to accumulate in the body with prolonged use. [contentblock id=28] [post_title] => Dimethicone [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => open [ping_status] => open [post_password] => [post_name] => dimethicone [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2017-06-21 10:49:26 [post_modified_gmt] => 2017-06-21 05:49:26 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => http://www.thedermreview.com/?p=3273 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw ) ) [post] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 11833 [post_author] => 1 [post_date] => 2016-01-20 03:01:01 [post_date_gmt] => 2016-01-19 22:01:01 [post_content] => Hydrogenated Polyisobutene in Skin Care Products When reading skin care product ingredient labels it's easy to become confused by ingredients like hydrogenated polyisobutene. With all the focus on natural and organic skin care in recent decades, many consumers look for natural-sounding ingredients, such as goat's milk, honey, oatmeal, and the like. So when a chemical like hydrogenated polyisobutene shows up, it's difficult not to cringe from a name that sounds so synthetic and makes one think of a factory or heavy machinery. Therefore, it’s a good idea to research this chemical further before applying it to the skin, to avoid potential side effects. To help the consumer in their research, we're including a general overview of hydrogenated polyisobutene, below. What is Hydrogenated Polyisobutene? There are many ingredients in skin care that have similar properties and goals. When considering hydrogenated polyisobutene, it's helpful to look at it through the lens of mineral oil, as the former was synthesized to mimic the effects of the latter. As such, hydrogenated polyisobutene is valued in skin care applications because of its relatively low cost and ability to temporarily improve skin texture. How is Hydrogenated Polyisobutene Used? Hydrogenated polyisobutene is a relatively common skin care ingredient that is used in a large variety of products, including lip balm, BB cream, exfoliants, moisturizers and much more. There are several qualities of this chemical that have made it popular with skin product manufacturers. One of the beneficial qualities of hydrogenated polyisobutene is its ability to moisturize the skin, making it a popular ingredient in skin creams. However, its role in skin care is to reinforce the moisture barrier, rather than to deliver copious amounts of hydration. For example, hyaluronic acid is typically more effective for drawing moisture to the treatment site, and is highly valued in skin care applications. The strength of hydrogenated polyisobutene, on the other hand, comes from its ability to fortify the skin's natural barrier to reduce moisture loss. It is also common for hydrogenated polyisobutene to be found in water-resistant sunscreens, as this ingredient allows the sun block to remain effective even after coming into contact with water. Additionally, hydrogenated polyisobutene is valued for its ability to prevent the clumping of pigment in makeup and other skin care products. This is a very important quality for creating a positive user experience, as it keeps the product looking fresh. Lastly, hydrogenated polyisobutene is also used to increase the thickness of skin products, to create a more luxurious feel. This can be especially helpful in night time moisturizers, or creams that contain a variety of oils and it's important for the formulation to stay thoroughly mixed. Products with Hydrogenated Polyisobutene There are many products that use hydrogenated polyisobutene as part of the formulation. For example, the Nuance Salma Hayek Tinted Moisturizer contains this chemical in addition to tocopherol, an antioxidant for skin damage repair; sodium hyaluronate and glycerin, to moisturize; lecithin, to hydrate the skin; and titanium dioxide, to provide SPF protection. Another product with hydrogenated polyisobutene is Vichy Laboratories Aqualia Thermal Dynamic Hydration Rich Cream. This product was designed to bring ample hydration to the skin, to improve general health of skin cells and reduce the appearance of wrinkles. In addition to hydrogenated polyisobutene, this Vichy Laboratories cream contains glycerin, to moisturize the skin; citric acid, to repair skin damage and stimulate collagen; pentylene glycol, to condition the skin; caprylic triglyceride, another moisturizer; and carrageenan, a seaweed extract that draws moisture to the treatment area. Vichy Laboratories Lift Active Eye is another product formulated with hydrogenated polyisobutene. Additionally, this serum contains ascorbyl glucoside, an antioxidant that repairs skin damage; rhamnose, a chemical that may improve communication between skin cells; and beeswax, to soften and moisturize the skin. Those looking to diminish the appearance of skin creases on the face may come across Pur Minerals Cease Crease. This product is also formulated with hydrogenated polyisobutene, and contains other ingredients, like salicylic acid, to support pore health; titanium dioxide, to neutralize UV radiation; citric acid, for its high vitamin C content; and ferulic acid, a powerful antioxidant. Of course, these are just some of the products that contain hydrogenated polyisobutene, and the ingredient discussion above is not comprehensive. For a full understanding of any new skin care product, it's vital to review the entire ingredient list with a dermatologist, before using in your skin care routine. Hydrogenated Polyisobutene Side Effects Hydrogenated polyisobutene is believed to be a relatively safe ingredient, and is not currently linked to serious diseases, like cancer. However, this chemical does have potential side effects, including skin irritation and inflammation. It is vital to carefully consider the possibility of this chemical as an irritant, as irritation can often occur without even being noticed – for example, it won't have visible signs like a rash. But just because irritation is not visible, that doesn't mean it isn't there. In fact, the average person may have mild inflammation of the skin and surrounding tissues, and not realize it. Such developments can cause long term problems, as inflammation has been linked to the aging process and the development of cancer. Therefore, it's a good idea to discuss hydrogenated polyisobutene in detail with a doctor, before using products that contain this ingredient. 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